THE CURRENT REDRAFT OF THE LAWS OF CRICKET
2000 CODE (5TH EDITION 2013) FROM THE 4TH EDITION OF THE LAWS

CONTENTS
The Preamble – The Spirit of Cricket
Law 1 – The players
Law 2 – Substitutes and runners; batsman or fielder leaving the field; batsman retiring; batsman commencing innings
Law 3 – The umpires
Law 4 – The scorers
Law 5 – The ball
Law 6 – The bat
Law 7 – The pitch
Law 8 – The wickets
Law 9 – The bowling, popping and return creases
Law 10 – Preparation and maintenance of the playing area
Law 11 – Covering the pitch
Law 12 – Innings
Law 13 – The follow-on
Law 14 – Declaration and forfeiture
Law 15 – Intervals
Law 16 – Start of play; cessation of play
Law 17 – Practice on the field
Law 18 – Scoring runs
Law 19 – Boundaries
Law 20 – Lost ball
Law 21 – The result
Law 22 – The over
Law 23 – Dead ball
Law 24 – No ball
Law 25 – Wide ball
Law 26 – Bye and Leg bye
Law 27 – Appeals
Law 28 – The wicket is down
Law 29 – Batsman out of his ground
Law 30 – Bowled
Law 31 – Timed out
Law 32 – Caught
Law 33 – Handled the ball
Law 34 – Hit the ball twice
Law 35 – Hit wicket
Law 36 – Leg before wicket
Law 37 – Obstructing the field
Law 38 – Run out
Law 39 – Stumped
Law 40 – The wicket-keeper
Law 41 – The fielder
Law 42 – Fair and unfair play
Appendix A – Law 8 (The wickets)
Appendix B – Laws 7 (The pitch) and 9
(The bowling, popping and return creases)
Appendix C – Wicket-keeping gloves
Appendix D – Definitions and explanations of words and phrases not defined in the text.
Appendix E – Law 6 (The bat)
 
THE LAWS OF CRICKET
THE PREAMBLE – THE SPIRIT OF CRICKET
Cricket is a game that owes much of its unique appeal to the fact that it should be played not only within its Laws but also within the Spirit of the Game. Any action which is seen to abuse this spirit causes injury to the game itself. The major responsibility for ensuring the spirit of fair play rests with the captains.
1. There are two Laws which place the responsibility for the team's conduct firmly on the captain.
Responsibility of captains
The captains are responsible at all times for ensuring that play is conducted within the Spirit of the Game
as well as within the Laws.
Player’s conduct
In the event of a player failing to comply with instructions by an umpire, or criticising by word or action the decisions of an umpire, or showing dissent, or generally behaving in a manner which might bring the game into disrepute, the umpire concerned shall in the first place report the matter to the other umpire and to the player's captain, and instruct the latter to take action.
2. Fair and unfair play
According to the Laws the umpires are the sole judges of fair and unfair play.
The umpires may intervene at any time and it is the responsibility of the captain to take action where
required.
3. The umpires are authorised to intervene in cases of:
Time wasting
Damaging the pitch
Dangerous or unfair bowling
Tampering with the ball
Any other action that they consider to be unfair
4. The Spirit of the Game involves RESPECT for:
Your opponents
Your own captain and team
The role of the umpires
The game and its traditional values
5. It is against the Spirit of the Game:
To dispute an umpire's decision by word, action or gesture
To direct abusive language towards an opponent or an umpire
To indulge in cheating or any sharp practice, for instance:
(a) to appeal knowing that the batsman is not out
(b) to advance towards an umpire in an aggressive manner when appealing
(c) to seek to distract an opponent either verbally or by harassment with persistent clapping or
unnecessary noise under the guise of enthusiasm and motivation of one's own side
6. Violence
There is no place for any act of violence on the field of play.
7. Players
Captains and umpires together set the tone for the conduct of a cricket match. Every player is expected to make an important contribution to this.
The players, umpires and scorers in a game of cricket may be of either gender and the Laws apply equally to both. The use, throughout the text, of pronouns indicating the male gender is purely for brevity. Except where specifically stated otherwise, every provision of the Laws is to be read as applying to women and girls equally as to men and boys.
 
LAW 1 THE PLAYERS
1. Number of players
A match is played between two sides, each of eleven players, one of whom shall be captain.
By agreement a match may be played between sides of fewer than, or more than, eleven
players, but not more than eleven players may field at any time.
2. Nomination of players
Each captain shall nominate his players in writing to one of the umpires before the toss. No
player may be changed after the nomination without the consent of the opposing captain.
3. Captain
If at any time the captain is not available, a deputy shall act for him.
(a) If a captain is not available during the period in which the toss is to take place, then the
deputy must be responsible for the nomination of the players, if this has not already been
done, and for the toss. See 2 above and Law 12.4 (The toss).
(b) At any time after the nomination of the players, only a nominated player can act as deputy
in discharging the duties and responsibilities of the captain as stated in these Laws.
4. Responsibility of captains
The captains are responsible at all times for ensuring that play is conducted within the spirit
and traditions of the game as well as within the Laws. See The Preamble – The Spirit of
Cricket and Law 42.1 (Fair and unfair play – responsibility of captains).
LAW 2 SUBSTITUTES AND RUNNERS;
BATSMAN OR FIELDER LEAVING THE FIELD;
BATSMAN RETIRING;
BATSMAN COMMENCING INNINGS
1. Substitutes and runners
(a) If the umpires are satisfied that a nominated player has been injured or become ill since
the nomination of the players, they shall allow that player to have
(i) a substitute acting for him in the field.
(ii) a runner when batting.
Any injury or illness that occurs at any time after the nomination of the players until the
conclusion of the match shall be allowable, irrespective of whether play is in progress or
not.
(b) The umpires shall have discretion to allow, for other wholly acceptable reasons, a
substitute fielder or a runner to act for a nominated player, at the start of the match, or at
any subsequent time.
(c) A player wishing to change his shirt, boots, etc. shall leave the field to do so. No
substitute shall be allowed for him.
2. Objection to substitutes
The opposing captain shall have no right of objection to any player acting as a substitute on
the field, nor as to where the substitute shall field. However, no substitute shall act as wicketkeeper.
See 3 below.

3. Restrictions on role of substitutes
A substitute shall not be allowed to bat, bowl or act as wicket-keeper. Note also Law 1.3(b)
(Captain).
4. A player for whom a substitute has acted
A nominated player is allowed to bat, bowl or field even though a substitute has previously acted for him.
5. Fielder absent or leaving the field
If a fielder fails to take the field with his side at the start of the match or at any later time, or
leaves the field during a session of play,
(a) the umpire shall be informed of the reason for his absence.
(b) he shall not thereafter come on to the field of play during a session of play without the
consent of the umpire. See 6 below. The umpire shall give such consent as soon as is practicable.
(c) if he is absent for 15 minutes of playing time or longer, he shall not be permitted to bowl
thereafter, subject to (i), (ii) or (iii) below, until he has been on the field for at least the
length of playing time for which he was absent.
(i) Absence or penalty for time absent shall not be carried over into a new day’s play.
(ii) If, in the case of a follow-on or forfeiture, a side fields for two consecutive innings,
this restriction shall, subject to (i) above, continue as necessary into the second
innings, but shall not otherwise be carried over into a new innings.
(iii) The time lost for an unscheduled break in play shall be counted as time on the field
of play for any fielder who comes on to the field at the resumption of play after the
break. See Law 15.1 (An interval).
6. Player returning without permission
If a player comes on to the field of play in contravention of 5(b) above and comes into contact
with the ball while it is in play,
(a) the ball shall immediately become dead and the umpire shall award 5 penalty runs to the
batting side. Additionally, runs completed by the batsmen shall be scored together with
the run in progress if they had already crossed at the instant of the offence. The ball shall
not count as one of the over.
(b) the umpire shall inform the other umpire, the captain of the fielding side, the batsmen and,
as soon as practicable, the captain of the batting side of the reason for this action.
(c) the umpires together shall report the occurrence as soon as possible after the match to the
Executive of the fielding side and to any Governing Body responsible for the match, who
shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the captain and the player concerned.
7. Runner
The player acting as a runner for a batsman shall be a member of the batting side and shall, if
possible, have already batted in that innings. The runner shall wear external protective
equipment equivalent to that worn by the batsman for whom he runs and shall carry a bat.
8. Transgression of the Laws by a batsman who has a runner
(a) A batsman’s runner is subject to the Laws. He will be regarded as a batsman except
where there are special provisions for his role as a runner. See 7 above and Law 29.2
(Which is a batsman’s ground).
 
(b) A batsman who has a runner will suffer the penalty for any infringement of the Laws by
his runner as if he had been himself responsible for the infringement. In particular he will
be out if his runner is out under either of Laws 37 (Obstructing the field) or 38 (Run out).
(c) When a batsman who has a runner is striker he remains himself subject to the Laws and
will be liable to the penalties that any infringement of them demands. In the case of Run
out and Stumped, however, special provisions, set out in (d) and (e) below, apply to him as
a striker who has a runner.
(d) If a striker who has a runner is out of his ground when the wicket at the wicket-keeper’s
end is fairly put down by the action of a fielder, otherwise than in (e) below, then,
notwithstanding (b) above and irrespective of the position of the non-striker and the runner,
he will be out Run out. However, Laws 38.2(a) and 38.2(b)(ii) (Batsman not Run out)
shall apply.
(e) If a striker who has a runner is out of his ground when the wicket at the wicket-keeper’s
end is fairly put down by the wicket-keeper, without the intervention of another fielder,
and if both the following conditions are satisfied his runner is within his ground
he makes no movement towards the bowler’s end other than action in receiving and/or
playing or playing at the ball, he is
(i) Not out if No ball has been called.
(ii) Out Stumped if the delivery is not a No ball. In this case, however, Law
39.3(a) (Not out Stumped) shall apply.
If either of the two conditions is not satisfied, then he is out Run out. Law 38.2(a) will apply.
(f) If a striker who has a runner is himself dismissed as in either (d) or (e) above, runs
completed by the runner and the other batsman before the wicket is put down shall be
disallowed. However, any runs for penalties awarded to either side shall stand. See Law
18.6 (Runs awarded for penalties). The non-striker shall return to his original end.
(g) When a batsman who has a runner is not the striker
(i) he remains subject to Law 37 (Obstructing the field) but is otherwise out of the game.
(ii) he shall stand where directed by the striker’s end umpire so as not to interfere with
play.
(iii) he will be liable, notwithstanding (i) above, to any penalty demanded by the Laws
should he commit any act of unfair play.
9. Batsman retiring
A batsman may retire at any time during his innings when the ball is dead. The umpires,
before allowing play to proceed shall be informed of the reason for a batsman retiring.
(a) If a batsman retires because of illness, injury or any other unavoidable cause, he is entitled
to resume his innings subject to (c) below. If for any reason he does not do so, his innings
is to be recorded as ‘Retired – not out’.
(b) If a batsman retires for any reason other than as in (a) above, he may resume his innings
only with the consent of the opposing captain. If for any reason he does not resume his
innings it is to be recorded as ‘Retired – out’.
(c) If after retiring a batsman resumes his innings, it shall be only at the fall of a wicket or the
retirement of another batsman.
10. Commencement of a batsman’s innings
p.9
Except at the start of a side’s innings, a batsman shall be considered to have commenced his
innings when he first steps on to the field of play, provided Time has not been called. The
innings of the opening batsmen, and that of any new batsman on the resumption of play after
a call of Time, shall commence at the call of Play.
LAW 3 THE UMPIRES
1. Appointment and attendance
Before the match, two umpires shall be appointed, one for each end, to control the game as
required by the Laws, with absolute impartiality. The umpires shall be present on the ground
and report to the Executive of the ground at least 45 minutes before the scheduled start of
each day’s play.
2. Change of umpire
An umpire shall not be changed during the match, other than in exceptional circumstances,
unless he is injured or ill. If there has to be a change of umpire, the replacement shall act only
as striker’s end umpire unless the captains agree that he should take full responsibility as an
umpire.
3. Agreement with captains
Before the toss the umpires shall
(a) ascertain the hours of play and agree with the captains
(i) the balls to be used during the match. See Law 5 (The ball).
(ii) times and durations of intervals for meals and times for drinks intervals. See Law 15
(Intervals).
(iii) the boundary of the field of play and allowances for boundaries. See Law 19
(Boundaries).
(iv) any special conditions of play affecting the conduct of the match.
(b) inform the scorers of agreements in (ii), (iii) and (iv) above.
4. To inform captains and scorers
Before the toss the umpires shall agree between themselves and inform both captains and both
scorers
(i) which clock or watch and back-up time piece is to be used during the match.
(ii) whether or not any obstacle within the field of play is to be regarded as a boundary. See
Law 19 (Boundaries).
5. The wickets, creases and boundaries
Before the toss and during the match, the umpires shall satisfy themselves that
(a) the wickets are properly pitched. See Law 8 (The wickets)
(b) the creases are correctly marked. See Law 9 (The bowling, popping and return creases).
(c) the boundary of the field of play complies with the requirements of Laws 19.1 (The
boundary of the field of play) and 19.2 (Defining the boundary – boundary marking).
6. Conduct of the game, implements and equipment
Before the toss and during the match, the umpires shall satisfy themselves that
(a) the conduct of the game is strictly in accordance with the Laws.
(b) the implements of the game conform to the following
(i) Law 5 (The ball)
p.10
(ii) externally visible requirements of Law 6 (The bat) and Appendix E.
(iii) either Laws 8.2 (Size of stumps) and 8.3 (The bails) or, if appropriate, Law 8.4
(Junior cricket).
(c) (i) no player uses equipment other than that permitted. See Appendix D. Note
particularly therein the interpretation of ‘protective helmet’.
(ii) the wicket-keeper’s gloves comply with the requirements of Law 40.2 (Gloves).
7. Fair and unfair play
The umpires shall be the sole judges of fair and unfair play.
8. Fitness for play
(a) It is solely for the umpires together to decide whether
either conditions of ground, weather or light
or exceptional circumstances
mean that it would be dangerous or unreasonable for play to take place.
Conditions shall not be regarded as either dangerous or unreasonable merely because they
are not ideal.
(b) Conditions shall be regarded as dangerous if there is actual and foreseeable risk to the
safety of any player or umpire.
(c) Conditions shall be regarded as unreasonable if, although posing no risk to safety, it
would not be sensible for play to proceed.
9. Suspension of play in dangerous or unreasonable conditions
(a) All references to ground include the pitch. See Law 7.1 (Area of pitch).
(b) If at any time the umpires together agree that the conditions of ground, weather or light,
or any other circumstances are dangerous or unreasonable, they shall immediately
suspend play, or not allow play to start or to recommence.
(c) When there is a suspension of play it is the responsibility of the umpires to monitor
conditions. They shall make inspections as often as appropriate, unaccompanied by any
players or officials. Immediately the umpires together agree that the conditions are no
longer dangerous or unreasonable they shall call upon the players to resume play.
10. Position of umpires
Each umpire shall stand where he can best see any act upon which his decision may be
required.
Subject to this over-riding consideration, the bowler’s end umpire shall stand where he does
not interfere with either the bowler’s run up or the striker’s view.
The striker’s end umpire may elect to stand on the off side instead of the on side of the pitch,
provided he informs the captain of the fielding side, the striker and the other umpire of his
intention to do so.
11. Umpires changing ends
The umpires shall change ends after each side has had one completed innings. See Law 12.3
(Completed innings)
12. Consultation between umpires
p.11
All disputes shall be determined by the umpires. The umpires shall consult with each other
whenever necessary. See also Law 27.6 (Consultation by umpires)
13. Informing the umpires
Throughout the Laws, wherever the umpires are to receive information from captains or other
players, it will be sufficient for one umpire to be so informed and for him to inform the other
umpire.
14. Signals
(a) The following code of signals shall be used by umpires.
(i) Signals made while the ball is in play
Dead ball - by crossing and re-crossing the wrists below the waist.
No ball - by extending one arm horizontally.
Out - by raising an index finger above the
head. (If not out, the umpire shall call
Not out.)
Wide - by extending both arms horizontally.
(ii) When the ball is dead, the bowler’s end umpire shall repeat the signals above, with
the exception of the signal for Out, to the scorers.
(iii) The signals listed below shall be made to the scorers only when the ball is dead.
Boundary 4 - by waving an arm from side to side finishing with the arm across
the chest
Boundary 6 - by raising both arms above the head.
Bye - by raising an open hand above the head.
Commencement - by pointing to a raised wrist with the
of last hour other hand.
Five penalty - by repeated tapping of one shoulder
runs awarded to with the opposite hand.
the batting side
Five penalty - by placing one hand on the opposite
runs awarded to shoulder.
the fielding side
Leg bye - by touching a raised knee with the hand.
New ball - by holding the ball above the head.
Revoke - by touching both shoulders, each with
last signal the opposite hand.
Short run - by bending one arm upwards and
touching the nearer shoulder with the
tips of the fingers.
All these signals are to be made by the bowler’s end umpire except that for Short
run, which is to be signalled by the umpire at the end where short running occurs.
However, the bowler’s end umpire shall be responsible both for the final signal of
Short run to the scorers and for informing them as to the number of runs to be
recorded.
(b) The umpire shall wait until each signal to the scorers has been separately acknowledged
by a scorer before allowing play to proceed.
15. Correctness of scores
Consultation between umpires and scorers on doubtful points is essential. The umpires shall,
throughout the match, satisfy themselves as to the correctness of the number of runs scored,
p.12
the wickets that have fallen and, where appropriate, the number of overs bowled. They shall
agree these with the scorers at least at every interval, other than a drinks interval, and at the
conclusion of the match. See Laws 4.2 (Correctness of scores), 21.8 (Correctness of result)
and 21.10 (Result not to be changed).
LAW 4 THE SCORERS
1. Appointment of scorers
Two scorers shall be appointed to record all runs scored, all wickets taken and, where
appropriate, number of overs bowled.
2. Correctness of scores
The scorers shall frequently check to ensure that their records agree. They shall agree with
the umpires, at least at every interval, other than drinks intervals, and at the conclusion of the
match, the runs scored, the wickets that have fallen and, where appropriate, the number of
overs bowled. See Law 3.15 (Correctness of scores)
3. Acknowledging signals
The scorers shall accept all instructions and signals given to them by umpires. They shall
immediately acknowledge each separate signal.
LAW 5 THE BALL
1. Weight and size
The ball, when new, shall weigh not less than 5½ ounces/155.9 g, nor more than
5¾ ounces/163 g, and shall measure not less than 813/16 in/22.4 cm, nor more than 9 in/22.9
cm in circumference.
2. Approval and control of balls
(a) All balls to be used in the match, having been approved by the umpires and captains, shall
be in the possession of the umpires before the toss and shall remain under their control
throughout the match.
(b) The umpire shall take possession of the ball in use at the fall of each wicket, at the start of
any interval and at any interruption of play.
3. New ball
Unless an agreement to the contrary has been made before the match, either captain may
demand a new ball at the start of each innings.
4. New ball in match of more than one day’s duration
In a match of more than one day’s duration, the captain of the fielding side may demand a
new ball when the number of overs, excluding any part overs, bowled with the old one is
equal to or greater than the prescribed number of overs. The Governing Body responsible for
the match concerned shall decide the number of overs applicable in that match. This number
shall not be less than 75 overs.
The umpire shall inform the other umpire and indicate to the batsmen and the scorers
whenever a new ball is taken into play.
5. Ball lost or becoming unfit for play
If, during play, the ball cannot be found or recovered or the umpires agree that it has become
unfit for play through normal use, the umpires shall replace it with a ball which has had wear
p.13
comparable with that which the previous ball had received before the need for its
replacement. When the ball is replaced the umpire shall inform the batsmen and the fielding
captain.
6. Specifications
The specifications as described in 1 above shall apply to men’s cricket only. The following
specifications will apply to
(i) Women’s cricket
Weight: from 415/16 ounces/140 g to 55/16 ounces 151 g
Circumference: from 8¼ in/21.0 cm to 87/8 in/22.5 cm
(ii) Junior cricket – Under 13
Weight: from 411/16 ounces/133 g to 51/16 ounces 144 g
Circumference: from 81/16 in/20.5 cm to 811/16 in/22.0 cm
LAW 6 THE BAT
1. The bat
The bat consists of two parts, a handle and a blade.
2. Measurements
All provisions in sections 3 to 6 below are subject to the measurements and restrictions stated
in Appendix E.
3. The handle
(a) One end of the handle is inserted into a recess in the blade as a means of joining the
handle and the blade. The part of the handle that is then wholly outside the blade is
defined to be the upper portion of the handle. It is a straight shaft for holding the bat.
The remainder of the handle is its lower portion used purely for joining the blade and the
handle together. It is not part of the blade but, solely in interpreting 5 and 6 below,
references to the blade shall be considered to extend also to the lower portion of the
handle where relevant.
(b) The handle is to be made principally of cane and/or wood, glued where necessary and
bound with twine along the upper portion.
(c) Providing 7 below is not contravened, the upper portion may be covered with materials
solely to provide a surface suitable for gripping. Such covering is an addition and is not
part of the bat. Note, however, 8 below.
(d) Notwithstanding 4(c) and 5 below, both the twine binding and the covering grip may
extend beyond the junction of the upper and lower portions, to cover part of the shoulders
as defined in Appendix E.
4. The blade
(a) The blade comprises the whole of the bat apart from the handle as defined above. The
blade has a face, a back, a toe, sides and shoulders. See Appendix E.
(b) The blade shall consist solely of wood.
(c) No material may be placed on or inserted into either the blade or the lower portion of the
handle other than as permitted in 3(d) above and 5 and 6 below, together with the minimal
adhesives or adhesive tape used solely for fixing these items, or for fixing the handle to
the blade.
p.14
5. Covering the blade
All bats may have commercial identifications on the blade. Type A and Type B bats may
have no other covering on the blade except as permitted in 6 below. Type C bats may have a
cloth covering on the blade. This may be treated as specified in 6 below.
Such covering is additional to the blade and is not part of the bat. Note, however, 8 below.
6. Protection and repair
Providing neither 4 above nor 7 below is contravened,
(a) solely for the purposes of
either (i) protection from surface damage to the face, sides and shoulders of the blade
or (ii) repair to the blade after damage
material that is not rigid, either at the time of its application to the blade or subsequently,
may be placed on these surfaces. Any such material shall not extend over any part of the
back of the blade except in the case of (ii) above and then only when it is applied as a
continuous wrapping covering the damaged area.
(b) solid material may be inserted into the blade for repair after damage other than surface
damage. Additionally, for protection from damage, for Types B and C, material may be
inserted at the toe and/or along the sides, parallel to the face of the blade.
The only material permitted for any insertion is wood with minimal essential adhesives.
(c) to prevent damage to the toe, material may be placed on that part of the blade but shall not
extend over any part of the face, back or sides of the blade.
(d) the surface of the blade may be treated with non-solid materials to improve resistance to
moisture penetration and/or mask natural blemishes in the appearance of the wood. Save
for the purpose of giving a homogeneous appearance by masking natural blemishes, such
treatment must not materially alter the colour of the blade.
Any materials referred to in (a), (b), (c) or (d) above are additional to the blade and not part of
the bat. Note, however, 8 below.
7. Damage to the ball
(a) For any part of the bat, covered or uncovered, the hardness of the constituent materials
and the surface texture thereof shall not be such that either or both could cause
unacceptable damage to the ball.
(b) Any material placed on any part of the bat, for whatever purpose, shall similarly not be
such that it could cause unacceptable damage to the ball.
(c) For the purposes of this Law, unacceptable damage is deterioration greater than normal
wear and tear caused by the ball striking the uncovered wooden surface of the blade.
8. Contact with the ball
In these Laws,
(a) reference to the bat shall imply that the bat is held in the batsman’s hand or a glove worn
on his hand, unless stated otherwise.
(b) contact between the ball and
either (i) the bat itself
or (ii) the batsman’s hand holding the bat
or (iii) any part of a glove worn on the batsman’s hand holding the bat
or (iv) any additional materials permitted under 3, 5 or 6 above
p.15
shall be regarded as the ball striking or touching the bat or being struck by the bat.
LAW 7 THE PITCH
1. Area of pitch
The pitch is a rectangular area of the ground 22 yards/20.12 m in length and 10 ft/3.05 m in
width. It is bounded at either end by the bowling creases and on either side by imaginary
lines, one each side of the imaginary line joining the centres of the two middle stumps, each
parallel to it and 5 ft/1.52 m from it. See Laws 8.1 (Width and pitching) and 9.2 (The
bowling crease).
2. Fitness of pitch for play
The umpires shall be the sole judges of the fitness of the pitch for play. See Laws 3.8 (Fitness
for play) and 3.9 (Suspension of play in dangerous or unreasonable conditions)
3. Selection and preparation
Before the match, the Ground Authority shall be responsible for the selection and preparation
of the pitch. During the match, the umpires shall control its use and maintenance.
4. Changing the pitch
The pitch shall not be changed during the match unless the umpires decide that it is dangerous
or unreasonable for play to continue on it and then only with the consent of both captains.
5. Non-turf pitches
In the event of a non-turf pitch being used, the artificial surface shall conform to the
following measurements.
Length – a minimum of 58 ft/17.68 m
Width – a minimum of 6 ft/1.83 m
See Law 10.8 (Non-turf pitches).
LAW 8 THE WICKETS
1. Width and pitching
Two sets of wickets shall be pitched opposite and parallel to each other at a distance of
22 yards/20.12 m between the centres of the two middle stumps. Each set shall be 9 in/22.86
cm wide and shall consist of three wooden stumps with two wooden bails on top. See
Appendix A.
2. Size of stumps
The tops of the stumps shall be 28 in/71.1 cm above the playing surface and shall be dome
shaped except for the bail grooves. The portion of a stump above the playing surface shall be
cylindrical apart from the domed top, with circular section of diameter not less than
1⅜ in/3.49 cm nor more than 1½ in/3.81 cm. See Appendix A.
3. The bails
(a) The bails, when in position on top of the stumps,
(i) shall not project more than ½ in/1.27 cm above them.
(ii) shall fit between the stumps without forcing them out of the vertical.
(b) Each bail shall conform to the following specifications. See Appendix A.
Overall length 45/16 in/10.95 cm
p.16
Length of barrel 21/8 in /5.40 cm
Longer spigot 1⅜ in/3.49 cm
Shorter spigot 13/16 in/2.06 cm
4. Junior cricket
In junior cricket, the same definitions of the wickets shall apply subject to the following
measurements being used.
Width 8 in/20.32 cm
Pitched for under 13 21 yards/19.20 m
Pitched for under 11 20 yards/18.29 m
Pitched for under 9 18 yards/16.46 m
Height above playing surface 27 in/68.58 cm
Each stump
Diameter not less than 1¼ in/3.18 cm
nor more than 1⅜ in/3.49 cm
Each bail
Overall 313/16 in/9.68 cm
Barrel 113/16 in/4.60 cm
Longer spigot 1¼ in/3.18 cm
Shorter spigot ¾ in/1.91 cm
5. Dispensing with bails
The umpires may agree to dispense with the use of bails, if necessary. If they so agree then
no bails shall be used at either end. The use of bails shall be resumed as soon as conditions
permit. See Law 28.4 (Dispensing with bails).
LAW 9 THE BOWLING, POPPING AND RETURN CREASES
1. The creases
A bowling crease, a popping crease and two return creases shall be marked in white, as set
out in 2, 3 and 4 below, at each end of the pitch. See Appendix B.
2. The bowling crease
The bowling crease, which is the back edge of the crease marking, shall be the line through
the centres of the three stumps at that end. It shall be 8 ft 8 in/2.64 m in length, with the
stumps in the centre.
3. The popping crease
The popping crease, which is the back edge of the crease marking, shall be in front of and
parallel to the bowling crease and shall be 4 ft/1.22 m from it. The popping crease shall be
marked to a minimum of 6 ft/1.83 m on either side of the imaginary line joining the centres of
the two middle stumps and shall be considered to be unlimited in length.
4. The return creases
The return creases, which are the inside edges of the crease markings, shall be at right angles
to the popping crease at a distance of 4 ft 4 in/1.32 m either side of the imaginary line joining
the centres of the two middle stumps. Each return crease shall be marked from the popping
crease to a minimum of 8 ft/2.44 m behind it and shall be considered to be unlimited in
length.
p.17
LAW 10 PREPARATION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE PLAYING AREA
1. Rolling
The pitch shall not be rolled during the match except as permitted in (a) and (b) below.
(a) Frequency and duration of rolling
During the match the pitch may be rolled at the request of the captain of the batting side,
for a period of not more than 7 minutes, before the start of each innings, other than the
first innings of the match, and before the start of each subsequent day’s play. See (d)
below.
(b) Rolling after a delayed start
In addition to the rolling permitted above, if, after the toss and before the first innings of
the match, the start is delayed, the captain of the batting side may request that the pitch be
rolled for not more than 7 minutes. However, if the umpires together agree that the delay
has had no significant effect on the state of the pitch, they shall refuse such request for
rolling of the pitch.
(c) Choice of rollers
If there is more than one roller available the captain of the batting side shall choose which
one is to be used.
(d) Timing of permitted rolling
The rolling permitted (maximum 7 minutes) before play begins on any day shall be
started not more than 30 minutes before the time scheduled or rescheduled for play to
begin. The captain of the batting side may, however, delay the start of such rolling until
not less than 10 minutes before the time scheduled or rescheduled for play to begin,
should he so wish.
(e) Insufficient time to complete rolling
If, when a captain declares an innings closed, or forfeits an innings, or enforces the
follow-on, there is insufficient time for the pitch to be rolled for 7 minutes, or if there is
insufficient time for any other reason, the batting captain shall nevertheless be permitted
to exercise his option to have such rolling. The time by which the start of the innings is
delayed on that account shall be taken out of normal playing time.
2. Clearing debris from the pitch
(a) The pitch shall be cleared of any debris
(i) before the start of each day’s play. This shall be after the completion of mowing and
before any rolling, not earlier than 30 minutes nor later than 10 minutes before the
time or any rescheduled time for start of play.
(ii) between innings. This shall precede rolling if any is to take place.
(iii) at all intervals for meals.
(b) The clearance of debris in (a) above shall be done by sweeping, except where the umpires
consider that this may be detrimental to the surface of the pitch. In this case the debris
must be cleared from that area by hand, without sweeping.
(c) In addition to (a) above, debris may be cleared from the pitch by hand, without sweeping,
before mowing and whenever either umpire considers it necessary.
3. Mowing
(a) Responsibility for mowing
p.18
All mowings which are carried out before the match shall be the sole responsibility of the
Ground Authority.
All subsequent mowings shall be carried out under the supervision of the umpires.
(b) The pitch and outfield
In order that throughout the match the ground conditions should be as nearly the same for
both sides as possible,
(i) the pitch
(ii) the outfield
shall be mown on each day of the match on which play is expected to take place, if
ground and weather conditions permit.
If, for reasons other than conditions of ground or weather, complete mowing of the
outfield is not possible, the Ground Authority shall notify the captains and umpires of the
procedure to be adopted for such mowing during the match.
(c) Timing of mowing
(i) Mowing of the pitch on any day shall be completed not later than 30 minutes before
the time scheduled or rescheduled for play to begin on that day, before any sweeping
prior to rolling. If necessary, debris may be removed from the pitch before mowing,
by hand, without sweeping. See 2(c) above.
(ii) Mowing of the outfield on any day shall be completed not later than 15 minutes
before the time scheduled or rescheduled for play to begin on that day.
4. Watering the pitch
The pitch shall not be watered during the match.
5. Re-marking creases
Creases shall be re-marked whenever either umpire considers it necessary.
6. Maintenance of footholes
The umpires shall ensure that the holes made by the bowler and batsmen are cleaned out and
dried whenever necessary to facilitate play.
In matches of more than one day’s duration, the umpires shall allow, if necessary, the returfing
of footholes made by the bowler in his delivery stride, or the use of quick-setting
fillings for the same purpose.
7. Securing of footholds and maintenance of pitch
During play, umpires shall allow the players to secure their footholds by the use of sawdust
provided that no damage to the pitch is caused and that Law 42 (Fair and unfair play) is not
contravened.
8. Non-turf pitches
Wherever appropriate, the provisions set out in 1 to 7 above shall apply.
LAW 11 COVERING THE PITCH
1. Before the match
The use of covers before the match is the responsibility of the Ground Authority and may
include full covering if required.
However, the Ground Authority shall grant suitable facility to the captains to inspect the pitch
before the nomination of their players and to the umpires to discharge their duties as laid
p.19
down in Laws 3 (The umpires), 7 (The pitch), 8 (The wickets), 9 (The bowling, popping and
return creases) and 10 (Preparation and maintenance of the playing area).
2. During the match
The pitch shall not be completely covered during the match unless provided otherwise by
regulations or by agreement before the toss.
3. Covering the bowlers’ run ups
Whenever possible, the bowlers’ run ups shall be covered in inclement weather, in order to
keep them dry. Unless there is agreement for full covering under 2 above the covers so used
shall not extend further than 5 ft/1.52 m in front of each popping crease.
4. Removal of covers
(a) If after the toss the pitch is covered overnight, the covers shall be removed in the morning
at the earliest possible moment on each day that play is expected to take place.
(b) If covers are used during the day as protection from inclement weather, or if inclement
weather delays the removal of overnight covers, they shall be removed promptly as soon
as conditions allow.
LAW 12 INNINGS
1. Number of innings
(a) A match shall be one or two innings for each side according to agreement reached before
the match.
(b) It may be agreed to limit any innings to a number of overs or to a period of time. If such
an agreement is made then
(i) in a one innings match a similar agreement shall apply to both innings.
(ii) in a two innings match similar agreements shall apply to
either the first innings of each side
or the second innings of each side
or both innings of each side.
For both one innings and two innings matches, the agreement must also include criteria for
determining the result when neither of Laws 21.1 (A Win – two innings match) or 21.2
(A Win – one innings match) applies.
2. Alternate innings
In a two innings match each side shall take their innings alternately except in the cases
provided for in Law 13 (The follow-on) or in Law 14.2 (Forfeiture of an innings).
3. Completed innings
A side’s innings is to be considered as completed if
(a) the side is all out
or (b) at the fall of a wicket or the retirement of a batsman, further balls remain to be bowled
but no further batsman is available to come in
or (c) the captain declares the innings closed
or (d) the captain forfeits the innings
or (e) in the case of an agreement under 1(b) above,
either (i) the prescribed number of overs has been bowled
p.20
or (ii) the prescribed time has expired
as appropriate.
4. The toss
The captains shall toss for the choice of innings, on the field of play and in the presence of
one or both of the umpires, not earlier than 30 minutes, nor later than 15 minutes before the
scheduled or any rescheduled time for the match to start. Note, however, the provisions of
Law 1.3 (Captain).
5. Decision to be notified
As soon as the toss is completed, the captain of the side winning the toss shall notify the
opposing captain and the umpires of his decision to bat or to field. Once notified, the
decision cannot be changed.
LAW 13 THE FOLLOW-ON
1. Lead on first innings
(a) In a two innings match of 5 days or more, the side which bats first and leads by at least
200 runs shall have the option of requiring the other side to follow their innings.
(b) The same option shall be available in two innings matches of shorter duration with the
minimum leads as follows.
(i) 150 runs in a match of 3 or 4 days;
(ii) 100 runs in a 2-day match;
(iii) 75 runs in a 1-day match.
2. Notification
A captain shall notify the opposing captain and the umpires of his intention to take up this
option. Law 10.1(e) (Insufficient time to complete rolling) shall apply.
3. First day’s play lost
If no play takes place on the first day of a match of more than one day’s duration, 1 above
shall apply in accordance with the number of days remaining from the actual start of the
match. The day on which play first commences shall count as a whole day for this purpose,
irrespective of the time at which play starts.
Play will have taken place as soon as, after the call of Play, the first over has started. See
Law 22.2 (Start of an over).
LAW 14 DECLARATION AND FORFEITURE
1. Time of declaration
The captain of the side batting may declare an innings closed, when the ball is dead, at any
time during the innings.
2. Forfeiture of an innings
A captain may forfeit either of his side’s innings at any time before the commencement of
that innings. A forfeited innings shall be considered to be a completed innings.
3. Notification
A captain shall notify the opposing captain and the umpires of his decision to declare or to
forfeit an innings. Law 10.1(e) (Insufficient time to complete rolling) shall apply.
p.21
LAW 15 INTERVALS
1. An interval
The following shall be classed as intervals.
(i) The period between close of play on one day and the start of the next day’s play.
(ii) Intervals between innings.
(iii) Intervals for meals.
(iv) Intervals for drinks.
(v) Any other agreed interval.
All these intervals shall be considered as scheduled breaks for the purposes of Law 2.5
(Fielder absent or leaving the field).
2. Agreement of intervals
(a) Before the toss
(i) the hours of play shall be established.
(ii) except as in (b) below, the timing and duration of intervals for meals shall be agreed.
(iii) the timing and duration of any other interval under 1(v) above shall be agreed.
(b)In a one-day match no specific time need be agreed for the tea interval. It may be agreed
instead to take this interval between innings.
(c) Intervals for drinks may not be taken during the last hour of the match, as defined in Law
16.6 (Last hour of match – number of overs). Subject to this limitation, the captains and
umpires shall agree the times for such intervals, if any, before the toss and on each
subsequent day not later than 10 minutes before play is scheduled to start.
See also Law 3.3 (Agreement with captains).
3. Duration of intervals
(a) An interval for lunch or tea shall be of the duration agreed under 2(a) above, taken from
the call of Time before the interval until the call of Play on resumption after the interval.
(b) An interval between innings shall be 10 minutes from the close of an innings until the call
of Play for the start of the next innings, except as in 4, 6 and 7 below.
4. No allowance for interval between innings
In addition to the provisions of 6 and 7 below,
(a) if an innings ends when 10 minutes or less remains before the time agreed for close of
play on any day, there shall be no further play on that day. No change shall be made to
the time for the start of play on the following day on account of the 10 minute interval
between innings.
(b) if a captain declares an innings closed during an interruption in play of more than 10
minutes duration, no adjustment shall be made to the time for resumption of play on
account of the 10 minute interval between innings, which shall be considered as included
in the interruption. Law 10.1(e) (Insufficient time to complete rolling) shall apply.
(c) if a captain declares an innings closed during any interval other than an interval for
drinks, the interval shall be of the agreed duration and shall be considered to include the
10 minute interval between innings. Law 10.1(e) (Insufficient time to complete rolling)
shall apply.
5. Changing agreed times of intervals
p.22
If, at any time during the match,
either playing time is lost through adverse conditions of ground, weather or light or in
exceptional circumstances,
or the players have occasion to leave the field other than at a scheduled interval,
the time of the lunch interval or of the tea interval may be changed if the two umpires and
both captains so agree, providing the requirements of 3 above and 6, 7, 8 and 9(c) below are
not contravened.
6. Changing agreed time for lunch interval
(a) If an innings ends when 10 minutes or less remains before the agreed time for lunch, the
interval shall be taken immediately. It shall be of the agreed length and shall be
considered to include the 10 minute interval between innings.
(b) If because of adverse conditions of ground, weather or light, or in exceptional
circumstances, a stoppage occurs when 10 minutes or less remains before the agreed time
for lunch, then, notwithstanding 5 above, the interval shall be taken immediately. It shall
be of the agreed length. Play shall resume at the end of this interval or as soon after as
conditions permit.
(c) If the players have occasion to leave the field for any reason when more than 10 minutes
remains before the agreed time for lunch then, unless the umpires and captains together
agree to alter it, lunch will be taken at the agreed time.
7. Changing agreed time for tea interval
(a) (i) If an innings ends when 30 minutes or less remains before the agreed time for tea, the
interval shall be taken immediately. It shall be of the agreed length and shall be
considered to include the 10 minute interval between innings.
(ii) If, when 30 minutes remains before the agreed time for tea, an interval between
innings is already in progress, play will resume at the end of the 10 minute interval, if
conditions permit.
(b) (i) If, because of adverse conditions of ground, weather or light, or in exceptional
circumstances, a stoppage occurs when 30 minutes or less remains before the agreed
time for tea, then unless
either there is an agreement to change the time for tea, as permitted in 5 above
or the captains agree to forgo the tea interval, as permitted in 10 below
the interval shall be taken immediately. The interval shall be of the agreed length.
Play shall resume at the end of the interval or as soon after as conditions permit.
(ii) If a stoppage is already in progress when 30 minutes remains before the agreed time
for tea, 5 above will apply.
8. Tea interval – 9 wickets down
If either 9 wickets are already down when 2 minutes remains to the agreed time for tea,
or the 9th wicket falls within this 2 minutes, or at any time up to and including the final
ball of the over in progress at the agreed time for tea,
then, notwithstanding the provisions of Law 16.5(b) (Completion of an over), tea will not be
taken until the end of the over that is in progress 30 minutes after the originally agreed time
for tea, unless the players have cause to leave the field of play or the innings is completed
earlier.
For the purposes of this section of Law, the retirement of a batsman is not to be considered
equivalent to the fall of a wicket.
p.23
9. Intervals for drinks
(a) If on any day the captains agree that there shall be intervals for drinks, the option to take
such drinks shall be available to either side. Each interval shall be kept as short as
possible and in any case shall not exceed 5 minutes.
(b) Unless, as permitted in 10 below, the captains agree to forgo it, a drinks interval shall be
taken at the end of the over in progress when the agreed time is reached. If, however, a
wicket falls or a batsman retires within 5 minutes of the agreed time then drinks shall be
taken immediately.
No other variation in the timing of drinks intervals shall be permitted except as provided
for in (c) below.
(c) If an innings ends or the players have to leave the field of play for any other reason within
30 minutes of the agreed time for a drinks interval, the umpires and captains together may
rearrange the timing of drinks intervals in that session.
10. Agreement to forgo intervals
At any time during the match, the captains may agree to forgo the tea interval or any of the
drinks intervals. The umpires shall be informed of the decision.
When play is in progress, the batsmen at the wicket may deputise for their captain in making
an agreement to forgo a drinks interval in that session.
11. Scorers to be informed
The umpires shall ensure that the scorers are informed of all agreements about hours of play
and intervals and of any changes made thereto as permitted under this Law.
LAW 16 START OF PLAY; CESSATION OF PLAY
1. Call of Play
The bowler’s end umpire shall call Play at the start of the match and on the resumption of
play after any interval or interruption.
2. Call of Time
The bowler’s end umpire shall call Time when the ball is dead on the cessation of play before
any interval or interruption and at the conclusion of the match. See Laws 23.3 (Call of Over
or Time) and 27 (Appeals).
3. Removal of bails
After the call of Time, the bails shall be removed from both wickets.
4. Starting a new over
Another over shall always be started at any time during the match, unless an interval is to be
taken in the circumstances set out in 5 below, if, walking at his normal pace, the umpire has
arrived at his position behind the stumps at the bowler’s end before the time agreed for the
next interval, or for the close of play, has been reached.
5. Completion of an over
Other than at the end of the match,
(a) if the agreed time for an interval is reached during an over, the over shall be completed
before the interval is taken, except as provided for in (b) below
p.24
(b) when less than 2 minutes remains before the time agreed for the next interval, the interval
will be taken immediately if
either (i) a batsman is dismissed or retires
or (ii) the players have occasion to leave the field
whether this occurs during an over or at the end of an over. Except at the end of an
innings, if an over is thus interrupted it shall be completed on the resumption of play.
6. Last hour of match – number of overs
When one hour of playing time of the match remains, according to the agreed hours of play,
the over in progress shall be completed. The next over shall be the first of a minimum of 20
overs which must be bowled, provided that a result is not reached earlier and provided that
there is no interval or interruption in play.
The bowler’s end umpire shall indicate the commencement of this 20 overs to the players and
to the scorers. The period of play thereafter shall be referred to as the last hour, whatever its
actual duration.
7. Last hour of match – interruptions of play
If there is an interruption in play during the last hour of the match, the minimum number of
overs to be bowled shall be reduced from 20 as follows.
(a) The time lost for an interruption is counted from the call of Time until the time for
resumption as decided by the umpires.
(b) One over shall be deducted for every complete 3 minutes of time lost.
(c) In the case of more than one such interruption, the minutes lost shall not be aggregated;
the calculation shall be made for each interruption separately.
(d) If, when one hour of playing time remains, an interruption is already in progress
(i) only the time lost after this moment shall be counted in the calculation
(ii) the over in progress at the start of the interruption shall be completed on resumption
and shall not count as one of the minimum number of overs to be bowled.
(e) If, after the start of the last hour, an interruption occurs during an over, the over shall be
completed on resumption of play. The two part-overs shall between them count as one
over of the minimum number to be bowled.
8. Last hour of match – intervals between innings
If an innings ends so that a new innings is to be started during the last hour of the match, the
interval starts with the end of the innings and is to end 10 minutes later.
(a) If this interval is already in progress at the start of the last hour then, to determine the
number of overs to be bowled in the new innings, calculations are to be made as set out in
7 above.
(b) If the innings ends after the last hour has started, two calculations are to be made, as set
out in (c) and (d) below. The greater of the numbers yielded by these two calculations is
to be the minimum number of overs to be bowled in the new innings.
(c) Calculation based on overs remaining.
(i) At the conclusion of the innings, the number of overs that remain to be bowled, of
the minimum in the last hour, to be noted.
(ii) If this is not a whole number it is to be rounded up to the next whole number.
(iii) Three overs, for the interval, to be deducted from the resulting number to determine
the number of overs still to be bowled.
(d) Calculation based on time remaining.
p.25
(i) At the conclusion of the innings, the time remaining until the agreed time for close of
play to be noted.
(ii) 10 minutes, for the interval, to be deducted from this time to determine the playing
time remaining.
(iii) A calculation to be made of one over for every complete 3 minutes of the playing
time remaining, plus one more over if a further part of 3 minutes remains.
9. Conclusion of match
The match is concluded
(a) as soon as a result as defined in sections 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5(a) of Law 21 (The result) is
reached.
(b) as soon as both
(i) the minimum number of overs for the last hour are completed
and (ii) the agreed time for close of play is reached
unless a result is reached earlier.
(c) in the case of an agreement under Law 12.1(b) (Number of innings), as soon as the final
innings is completed as defined in Law 12.3(e) (Completed innings).
(d) if, without the match being concluded, either as in (a) or in (b) or in (c) above, the players
leave the field for adverse conditions of ground, weather or light, or in exceptional
circumstances, and no further play is possible.
10. Completion of last over of match
The over in progress at the close of play on the final day shall be completed unless
either (i) a result has been reached
or (ii) the players have occasion to leave the field. In this case there shall be no
resumption of play except in the circumstances of Law 21.9 (Mistakes in
scoring) and the match shall be at an end.
11. Bowler unable to complete an over during last hour of match
If, for any reason, a bowler is unable to complete an over during the last hour, Law 22.8
(Bowler incapacitated or suspended during an over) shall apply. The separate parts of such an
over shall count as one over of the minimum to be bowled.
LAW 17 PRACTICE ON THE FIELD
1. Practice on the pitch or the rest of the square
(a) There shall be no practice of any kind, at any time on any day of the match, on the pitch or
on either of the two strips parallel and immediately adjacent to the pitch, one on either side
of it, each of the same dimensions as the pitch.
(b) There shall be no practice of any kind on any other part of the square at any time on any
day of the match, except before the start of play on that day or after the close of play on
that day. Practice before the start of play
(i) must not continue later than 30 minutes before the scheduled time or any
rescheduled time for play to start on that day.
(ii) shall not be allowed if the umpires consider that it will significantly impair the
surface of the square.
2. Practice on the outfield
All forms of practice are permitted on the outfield
before the start of the day’s play on any day or after the close of play on any day
p.26
or during the lunch and tea intervals
or between innings,
providing the umpires are satisfied that such practice will not cause significant deterioration
in the condition of the outfield.
Such practice must not continue later than 5 minutes before the scheduled or any
rescheduled time for play to commence or to resume.
3 Practice on the outfield between the call of Play and the call of Time
(a) The restrictions in (b), (c) and (d) below shall apply not only between the call of Play and
the call of Time but also during an interval for drinks, or on any other occasion when Time
has been called but the players remain on the field of play.
(b) No ball other than the match ball may be used on the field of play.
(c) There shall be no bowling or batting practice on the outfield. However, bowling a ball to a
player in the outfield, using arm action only, although a form of practice shall not be
regarded as bowling practice.
(d) All other forms of practice are permitted on the outfield either at the fall of a wicket or
during other gaps in play for legitimate activities providing that
(i) only the fielders as defined in Appendix D participate in such practice
(ii) the umpire is satisfied that it will not contravene either of Laws 42.3 (The match
ball – changing its condition) or 42.9 (Time wasting by the fielding side).
4.Trial run up
A bowler is permitted to have a trial run up provided the umpire is satisfied that it will not
contravene either of Laws 42.9 (Time wasting by the fielding side) or 42.13 (Fielder damaging
the pitch).
5 Penalties for contravention
All forms of practice are subject to the provisions of Laws 42.3 (The match ball – changing its
condition), 42.9 (Time wasting by the fielding side) and 42.13 (Fielder damaging the pitch).
Additionally, if there is a contravention of any of the provisions of 1, 2, or 3 above, the
following penalties will apply. If the contravention is
(a) by a fielder, he shall not be allowed to bowl after the contravention until
either at least one hour has elapsed
or there has been at least 30 minutes of playing time
since the contravention, whichever is sooner.
If the contravention is by the bowler during an over, he shall not be allowed even to
complete that over. It shall be completed by another bowler, who shall neither have bowled
any part of the previous over nor be allowed to bowl any part of the next over.
(b) by a batsman,
(i) in the first instance, the umpire shall warn the player that the practice is not permitted,
and inform the other umpire, the captain of the fielding side and, as soon as practicable,
the captain of the batting side of the reason for this action. This warning shall apply
throughout the innings which is about to begin or is in progress. The umpire shall so
inform each incoming batsman.
(ii) if during that innings there is any further contravention by any batsman, the umpire shall
award 5 penalty runs to the fielding side. He shall inform the other umpire, the captain
of the fielding side and as soon as practicable the captain of the batting side.
LAW 18 SCORING RUNS
p.27
1. A run
The score shall be reckoned by runs. A run is scored
(a) so often as the batsmen, at any time while the ball is in play, have crossed and made good
their ground from end to end.
(b) when a boundary is scored. See Law 19 (Boundaries).
(c) when penalty runs are awarded. See 6 below.
(d) when Lost ball is called. See Law 20 (Lost ball).
2. Runs disallowed
Notwithstanding 1 above, or any other provisions elsewhere in these Laws, the scoring of
runs or awarding of penalties will be subject to any provisions that may be applicable for the
disallowance of runs or for the non-award of penalties.
3. Short runs
(a) A run is short if a batsman fails to make good his ground in turning for a further run.
(b) Although a short run shortens the succeeding one, the latter if completed shall not be
regarded as short. A striker setting off for his first run from in front of his popping crease
may do so also without penalty.
4. Unintentional short runs
Except in the circumstances of 5 below,
(a) if either batsman runs a short run, the umpire concerned shall, unless a boundary is
scored, call and signal Short run as soon as the ball becomes dead and that run shall not be
scored.
(b) if, after either or both batsmen run short, a boundary is scored the umpire concerned shall
disregard the short running and shall not call or signal Short run.
(c) if both batsmen run short in one and the same run, this shall be regarded as only one short
run.
(d) if more than one run is short then, subject to (b) and (c) above, all runs so called shall not
be scored.
If there has been more than one short run, the umpire shall inform the scorers as to the
number of runs to be recorded.
5. Deliberate short runs
(a) Notwithstanding 4 above, if either umpire considers that either or both batsmen
deliberately run short at his end, the umpire concerned shall, when the ball is dead, inform
the other umpire of what has occurred. The bowler’s end umpire shall then
(i) warn both batsmen that the practice is unfair and indicate that this is a first and final
warning. This warning shall apply throughout the innings. The umpire shall so
inform each incoming batsman.
(ii) whether a batsman is dismissed or not, disallow all runs to the batting side from that
delivery other than any runs awarded for penalties.
(iii) return the batsmen to their original ends.
(iv) inform the captain of the fielding side and, as soon as practicable, the captain of the
batting side of the reason for this action.
(v) inform the scorers as to the number of runs to be recorded.
(b) If there is any further instance of deliberate short running by any batsman in that innings,
the umpire concerned shall, when the ball is dead, inform the other umpire of what has
p.28
occurred and the procedure set out in (a) (ii), (iii) and (iv) above shall be repeated.
Additionally the bowler’s end umpire shall
(i) award 5 penalty runs to the fielding side
(ii) inform the scorers as to the number of runs to be recorded
(iii) together with the other umpire report the occurrence as soon as possible after the
match to the Executive of the batting side and to any Governing Body responsible for
the match, who shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the captain
and the player or players concerned.
6. Runs awarded for penalties
Runs shall be awarded for penalties under 5 above, and Laws 2.6 (Player returning without
permission), 17.5 (Penalties for contravention), 24 (No ball), 25 (Wide ball), 41.2(Fielding
the ball), 41.3 (Protective helmets belonging to the fielding side) and 42 (Fair and unfair
play). Note, however, the restrictions on the award of penalty runs in Laws 26 (Bye and Leg
bye), 34 (Hit the ball twice), 41.3 (Protective helmets belonging to the fielding side) and 41.4
(Penalty runs not to be awarded).
7. Runs scored for boundaries
Runs shall be scored for boundary allowances under Law 19 (Boundaries).
8. Runs scored for Lost ball
Runs shall be scored when Lost ball is called under Law 20 (Lost ball).
9. Runs scored when a batsman is dismissed
When a batsman is dismissed, any runs for penalties awarded to either side shall stand. No
other runs shall be credited to the batting side, except as follows. If a batsman is
(a) dismissed Obstructing the field, the batting side shall also score the runs completed before
the offence.
If, however, the obstruction prevented a catch being made, no runs other than penalties
shall be scored.
(b) dismissed Run out, the batting side shall also score runs completed before the wicket was
put down.
If, however, a striker who has a runner is himself dismissed Run out, under Law 2.8(d),
runs completed by the runner and the other batsman shall be disallowed.
10. Runs scored when the ball becomes dead other than at the fall of a wicket
When the ball becomes dead for any reason other than the fall of a wicket, or is called dead by
an umpire, unless there is specific provision otherwise in the Laws
(a) any runs for penalties awarded to either side shall be scored. Note however the provisions
of Laws 26.3 (Leg byes not to be awarded) and 41.4 (Penalties not to be awarded).
(b) additionally the batting side shall be credited with
(i) all runs completed by the batsmen before the incident or call
and (ii) the run in progress if the batsmen had already crossed at the instant of the incident
or call. Note specifically, however, the provisions of Law 42.5(f) (Deliberate
distraction or obstruction of batsman).
11. Batsman returning to original end
(a) When a batsman is dismissed, the not out batsman shall return to his original end
p.29
(i) if the striker is himself dismissed in the circumstances of Law 2.8(d)
(Transgression of the Laws by a batsman who has a runner).
(ii) and, with the three exceptions of
Run out other than in (i) above
Caught
Obstructing the field,
for all other methods of dismissal.
(b) Other than at the fall of a wicket, the batsmen shall return to their original ends in the cases
of, and only in the cases of
(i) a boundary
(ii) disallowance of runs for any reason
(iii) a decision by the batsmen at the wicket to do so, under Law 42.5(g),(Deliberate
distraction or obstruction of batsman)
12. Batsman returning to wicket he has left
(a) When a batsman is dismissed Caught, Obstructing the field or Run out other than under
Law 2.8, the not out batsman shall return to the wicket he has left but only if the batsmen
had not already crossed at the instant of the incident causing the dismissal.
(b) Except in the cases listed in 11(b) above, if while a run is in progress the ball is called dead
by an umpire or becomes dead for any other reason except the dismissal of a batsman, the
batsmen shall return to the wickets they had left, but only if they had not already crossed in
running when the ball became dead.
LAW 19 BOUNDARIES
1. The boundary of the field of play
(a) Before the toss the umpires shall agree the boundary of the field of play with both
captains. The boundary shall if possible be marked along its whole length.
(b) The boundary shall be agreed so that no part of any sight-screen is within the field of
play.
(c) An obstacle or person within the field of play shall not be regarded as a boundary unless
so decided by the umpires before the toss. See Law 3.4 (To inform captains and scorers).
2. Defining the boundary – boundary marking
(a) Wherever practicable the boundary shall be marked by means of a white line or a rope
along the ground.
(b) If the boundary is marked by means of a white line,
(i) the inside edge of the line shall be the boundary edge.
(ii) a flag, post or board used merely to highlight the position of a line marked on the
ground must be placed outside the boundary edge and is not itself to be regarded as
defining or marking the boundary. Note, however, the provisions of (c) below.
(c) If a solid object is used to mark the boundary, it must have an edge or a line to constitute
the boundary edge.
(i) For a rope, which includes any similar object of curved cross section, lying on the
ground, the boundary edge will be the line formed by the innermost points of the rope
along its length.
(ii) For a fence, which includes any similar object in contact with the ground but with a
flat surface projecting above the ground, the boundary edge will be the base line of
the fence.
p.30
(d) If the boundary edge is not defined as in (b) or (c) above, the umpires and captains must
agree before the toss what line will be the boundary edge. Where there is no physical
marker for a section of boundary, the boundary edge shall be the imaginary straight line
on the ground joining the two nearest marked points of the boundary edge.
(e) If a solid object used to mark the boundary is disturbed for any reason during play then, if
possible, it shall be restored to its original position as soon as the ball is dead. If it is not
possible then,
(i) if some part of the fence or other marker has come within the field of play, that part
shall be removed from the field of play as soon as the ball becomes dead.
(ii) the line where the base of the fence or marker originally stood shall define the
boundary edge.
3. Scoring a boundary
(a) A boundary shall be scored and signalled by the bowler’s end umpire whenever, while the
ball is in play, in his opinion,
(i) the ball touches the boundary, or is grounded beyond the boundary.
(ii) a fielder with some part of his person in contact with the ball, touches the
boundary or has some part of his person grounded beyond the boundary.
(iii) the ball, having crossed the boundary in the air, is first touched by a fielder who
has not satisfied the conditions in 4(i) below.
(b) The phrases ‘touches the boundary’ and ‘touching the boundary’ shall mean contact with
either (i) the boundary edge as defined in 2 above
or (ii) any person or obstacle within the field of play which has been designated
a boundary by the umpires before the toss.
(c) The phrase ‘grounded beyond the boundary’ shall mean contact with
either (i) any part of a line or solid object marking the boundary except the
boundary edge
or (ii) the ground beyond the boundary edge
or (iii) any object in contact with the ground beyond the boundary edge.
4. Ball beyond the boundary
After it has crossed the boundary in the air, a ball may be caught, subject to the provisions of
Law 32, or fielded provided that
(i) the first contact with the ball is by a fielder, not touching or grounded beyond the
boundary, who has some part of his person grounded within the boundary or
whose final contact with the ground before touching the ball was entirely within
the boundary.
Any fielder subsequently touching the ball is not subject to this restriction.
. (ii) neither the ball, nor any fielder in contact with the ball touches, or is grounded
beyond, the boundary at any time during the act of making the catch or of fielding
the ball.
The act of making the catch, or of fielding the ball, shall start from the time when the ball first
comes into contact with some part of a fielder’s person and shall end when a fielder obtains
complete control both over the ball and over his own movement.
5. Runs allowed for boundaries
(a) Before the toss the umpires shall agree with both captains the runs to be allowed for
boundaries. In deciding the allowances the umpires and captains shall be guided by the
prevailing custom of the ground.
p.31
(b) Unless agreed differently under (a) above, the allowances for boundaries shall be 6 runs if
the ball having been struck by the bat pitches beyond the boundary, but otherwise 4 runs.
These shall be described as a Boundary 6 and a Boundary 4 respectively, although the
number of runs awarded may not be 6 or 4 if other allowances have been agreed under (a)
above.
These allowances shall still apply even though the ball has previously touched a fielder.
See also (c) below.
(c) A Boundary 6 will be scored if and only if the ball has been struck by the bat and pitches
beyond the boundary. The ball is to be regarded as pitching beyond the boundary even
though before it has pitched, a fielder
(i) catches it within the boundary but either has some part of his person touching the
boundary or grounded beyond the boundary when he catches the ball or, after
catching it, subsequently touches the boundary or grounds some part of his person
beyond the boundary while carrying the ball but before completing the catch. See
Law 32 (Caught).
ii) comes into contact with the ball in the circumstances of 3a (iii) above.
(d) The award for all other boundaries scored under 3 above, for which either the ball was not
struck by the bat or did not pitch beyond the boundary as defined above, will be a
Boundary 4, including a case under 3(a)(iii) when the ball has pitched within the boundary
before contact with the fielder.
6. Runs scored
When a boundary is scored,
(a) any runs for penalties awarded to either side shall be scored.
(b) the batting side, except in the circumstances of 7 below, shall additionally be awarded
whichever is the greater of
(i) the allowance for the boundary
(ii) the runs completed by the batsmen together with the run in progress if they had
already crossed at the instant the boundary is scored.
(c) When the runs in (ii) above exceed the boundary allowance they shall replace the
boundary for the purposes of Law 18.12 (Batsman returning to wicket he has left).
7. Overthrow or wilful act of fielder
If the boundary results from an overthrow or from the wilful act of a fielder the runs scored
shall be
(i) any runs for penalties awarded to either side
and (ii) the allowance for the boundary
and (iii) the runs completed by the batsmen, together with the run in progress if they had
already crossed at the instant of the throw or act.
Law 18.12(b) (Batsman returning to wicket he has left) shall apply as from the instant of the
throw or act.
LAW 20 LOST BALL
1. Fielder to call Lost ball
If a ball in play cannot be found or recovered, any fielder may call Lost ball. The ball shall
then become dead. See Law 23.1 (Ball is dead). Law 18.12(b) (Batsman returning to wicket
he has left) shall apply as from the instant of the call.
p.32
2. Ball to be replaced
The umpires shall replace the ball with one which has had wear comparable with that which
the previous ball had received before it was lost or became irrecoverable. See Law 5.5 (Ball
lost or becoming unfit for play).
3. Runs scored
(a) Any runs for penalties awarded to either side shall be scored.
(b) The batting side shall additionally be awarded
either (i) the runs completed by the batsmen, together with the run in progress if they had
already crossed at the instant of the call,
or (ii) 6 runs,
whichever is the greater.
These shall be credited to the striker if the ball has been struck by the bat, but otherwise to
the total of Byes, Leg byes, No balls or Wides as the case may be.
LAW 21 THE RESULT
1. A Win – two innings match
The side which has scored a total of runs in excess of that scored in the two completed
innings of the opposing side shall win the match. See Law12.3 (Completed innings). Note
also 6 below.
2. A Win – one innings match
The side which has scored in its one innings a total of runs in excess of that scored by the
opposing side in its one completed innings shall win the match. See Law12.3 (Completed
innings). Note also 6 below.
3. Umpires awarding a match
Notwithstanding any agreement under Law 12.1(b) (Number of innings),
(a) a match shall be lost by a side which
either (i) concedes defeat
or (ii) in the opinion of the umpires refuses to play
and the umpires shall award the match to the other side.
(b) if an umpire considers that an action by any player or players might constitute a refusal
by either side to play then the umpires together shall ascertain the cause of the action. If
they then decide together that this action does constitute a refusal to play by one side,
they shall so inform the captain of that side. If the captain persists in the action the
umpires shall award the match in accordance with (a) above.
(c) if action as in (b) above takes place after play has started and does not constitute a refusal
to play,
(i) playing time lost shall be counted from the start of the action until play
recommences, subject to Law 15.5 (Changing agreed times for intervals).
(ii) the time for close of play on that day shall be extended by this length of time, subject
to Law 3.9 (Suspension of play in dangerous or unreasonable conditions).
(iii) if applicable, no overs shall be deducted during the last hour of the match solely on
account of this time.
4. Matches in which there is an agreement under Law 12.1(b)
p.33
For any match in which there is an agreement under Law 12.1(b) (Number of innings), if the
result is not determined in any of the ways stated in 1, 2 or 3 above, then the result shall be as
laid down in that agreement.
5. All other matches – A Tie or Draw
(a) A Tie
The result of a match shall be a Tie when the scores are equal at the conclusion of play,
but only if the side batting last has completed its innings.
(b) A Draw
A match which is concluded as defined Law 16.9 (Conclusion of match), without being
determined in any of the ways stated in (a) above or in 1, 2, or 3, above, shall count as a
Draw.
6. Winning hit or extras
(a) As soon as a result is reached as defined in 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5(a) above, the match is at an end.
Nothing that happens thereafter, except as in Law 42.17(b) (Penalty runs), shall be
regarded as part of it. Note also 9 below.
(b) The side batting last will have scored enough runs to win only if its total of runs is
sufficient without including any runs completed by the batsmen before the completion of
a catch, or the obstruction of a catch, from which the striker could be dismissed.
(c) If a boundary is scored before the batsmen have completed sufficient runs to win the
match, the whole of the boundary allowance shall be credited to the side’s total and, in the
case of a hit by the bat, to the striker’s score.
7. Statement of result
If the side batting last wins the match without losing all its wickets, the result shall be stated
as a win by the number of wickets still then to fall.
If, without having scored a total of runs in excess of the total scored by the opposing side, the
side batting last has lost all its wickets, but as the result of an award of 5 penalty runs its total
of runs is then sufficient to win, the result shall be stated as a win to that side by Penalty runs.
If the side fielding last wins the match, the result shall be stated as a win by runs.
If the match is decided by one side conceding defeat or refusing to play, the result shall be
stated as Match Conceded or Match Awarded, as the case may be.
8. Correctness of result
Any decision as to the correctness of the scores shall be the responsibility of the umpires. See
Law 3.15 (Correctness of scores).
9. Mistakes in scoring
If, after the players and umpires have left the field in the belief that the match has been
concluded, the umpires discover that a mistake in scoring has occurred which affects the
result then, subject to 10 below, they shall adopt the following procedure.
(a) If, when the players leave the field, the side batting last has not completed its innings and
either (i) the number of overs to be bowled in the last hour, or in that innings, has not
been completed
or (ii) the agreed time for close of play, or for the end of the innings, has not been
reached
then, unless one side concedes defeat, the umpires shall order play to resume.
p.34
Unless a result is reached sooner, play will then continue, if conditions permit, until the
prescribed number of overs has been completed and either time for close of play has been
reached or the allotted time for the innings has expired, as appropriate. The number of overs
and time remaining shall be taken as they were at the call of Time for the supposed
conclusion of the match. No account shall be taken of the time between that moment and the
resumption of play.
(b) If, at this call of Time, the overs have been completed and no playing time remains, or if
the side batting last has completed its innings, the umpires shall immediately inform both
captains of the necessary corrections to the scores and to the result.
10. Result not to be changed
Once the umpires have agreed with the scorers the correctness of the scores at the conclusion
of the match – see Laws 3.15 (Correctness of scores) and 4.2 (Correctness of scores) – the
result cannot thereafter be changed.
LAW 22 THE OVER
1. Number of balls
The ball shall be bowled from each end alternately in overs of 6 balls.
2. Start of an over
An over has started when the bowler starts his run up or, if he has no run up, his action for the
first delivery of that over.
3. Validity of balls
(a) A ball shall not count as one of the 6 balls of the over unless it is delivered, even though,
as in Law 42.15 (Bowler attempting to run out non-striker before delivery) a batsman may
be dismissed or some other incident occurs without the ball having been delivered.
(b) A ball delivered by the bowler shall not count as one of the 6 balls of the over
(i) if it is called dead, or is to be considered dead, before the striker has had an
opportunity to play it. See Law 23.6 (Dead Ball; ball counting as one of over).
(ii) if it is called dead in the circumstances of Law 23.4(b)(vi) (Umpire calling and
signalling Dead ball). Note also the special provisions of Law 23.4(b)(v).
(iii) if it is a No ball. See Law 24 (No ball).
(iv) if it is a Wide. See Law 25 (Wide ball)
(v) when 5 penalty runs are awarded to the batting side under any of Laws 2.6 (Player
returning without permission), 41.2 (Fielding the ball), 42.4 (Deliberate attempt to
distract striker), or 42.5 (Deliberate distraction or obstruction of batsman).
(c) Any deliveries other than those listed in (a) and (b) above shall be known as valid balls.
Only valid balls shall count towards the 6 balls of the over.
4. Call of Over
When 6 valid balls have been bowled and when the ball becomes dead, the umpire shall call
Over before leaving the wicket. See also Law 23.3 (Call of Over or Time).
5. Umpire miscounting
(a) If the umpire miscounts the number of valid balls, the over as counted by the umpire shall
stand.
p.35
(b) If, having miscounted, the umpire allows an over to continue after 6 valid balls have been
bowled, he may subsequently call Over as the ball becomes dead after any delivery, even
if that delivery is not a valid ball.
6. Bowler changing ends
A bowler shall be allowed to change ends as often as desired, provided he does not bowl two
overs consecutively, nor bowl parts of each of two consecutive overs, in the same innings.
7. Finishing an over
(a) Other than at the end of an innings, a bowler shall finish an over in progress unless he is
incapacitated or is suspended under any of the Laws.
(b) If for any reason, other than the end of an innings, an over is left uncompleted at the start
of an interval or interruption, it shall be completed on resumption of play.
8. Bowler incapacitated or suspended during an over
If for any reason a bowler is incapacitated while running up to deliver the first ball of an over,
or is incapacitated or suspended during an over, the umpire shall call and signal Dead ball.
Another bowler shall complete the over from the same end, provided that he does not bowl
two overs consecutively, nor bowl parts of each of two consecutive overs, in that innings.
LAW 23 DEAD BALL
1. Ball is dead
(a) The ball becomes dead when
(i) it is finally settled in the hands of the wicket-keeper or of the bowler.
(ii) a boundary is scored. See Law 19.3 (Scoring a boundary).
(iii) a batsman is dismissed. The ball will be deemed to be dead from the instant of the
incident causing the dismissal.
(iv) whether played or not it becomes trapped between the bat and person of a batsman
or between items of his clothing or equipment.
(v) whether played or not it lodges in the clothing or equipment of a batsman or the
clothing of an umpire.
(vi) it lodges in a protective helmet worn by a fielder.
(vii) there is an award of penalty runs under either of Laws 2.6 (Player returning without
permission) or 41.2 (Fielding the ball). The ball shall not count as one of the over.
(viii) there is contravention of Law 41.3 (Protective helmets belonging to the fielding
side).
(ix) Lost ball is called. See Law 20 (Lost ball).
(x) the match is concluded in any of the ways stated in Law 16.9 (Conclusion of match).
(b) The ball shall be considered to be dead when it is clear to the bowler’s end umpire that the
fielding side and both batsmen at the wicket have ceased to regard it as in play.
2. Ball finally settled
Whether the ball is finally settled or not is a matter for the umpire alone to decide.
3. Call of Over or Time
Neither the call of Over (see Law 22.4), nor the call of Time (see Law 16.2) is to be made
until the ball is dead, either under 1 above or under 4 below.
4. Umpire calling and signalling Dead ball
p.36
(a) When the ball has become dead under 1 above, the bowler’s end umpire may call and
signal Dead ball if it is necessary to inform the players.
(b) Either umpire shall call and signal Dead ball when
(i) he intervenes in a case of unfair play.
(ii) a serious injury to a player or umpire occurs.
(iii) he leaves his normal position for consultation.
(iv) one or both bails fall from the striker’s wicket before the striker has had the
opportunity of playing the ball.
(v) the striker is not ready for the delivery of the ball and, if the ball is delivered, makes
no attempt to play it. Provided the umpire is satisfied that the striker had adequate
reason for not being ready, the ball shall not count as one of the over.
(vi) the striker is distracted by any noise or movement or in any other way while he is
preparing to receive, or receiving a delivery. This shall apply whether the source of
the distraction is within the game or outside it. Note also (vii) below.
The ball shall not count as one of the over.
(vii) there is an instance of a deliberate attempt to distract under either of Laws 42.4
(Deliberate attempt to distract striker) or 42.5 (Deliberate distraction or obstruction
of batsman). The ball shall not count as one of the over.
(viii) the bowler drops the ball accidentally before delivery.
(ix) the ball does not leave the bowler’s hand for any reason other than an attempt to run
out the non-striker under Law 42.15 (Bowler attempting to run out non-striker
before delivery).
(x) he is required to do so under any of the Laws not included above.
5. Ball ceases to be dead
The ball ceases to be dead – that is, it comes into play – when the bowler starts his run up or,
if he has no run up, his bowling action.
6. Dead ball; ball counting as one of over
(a) When a ball which has been delivered is called dead or is to be considered dead then,
other than as in (b) below,
(i) it will not count in the over if the striker has not had an opportunity to play it.
(ii) it will be a valid ball if the striker has had an opportunity to play it, unless No ball or
Wide has been called, except in the circumstances of 4(b)(vi) above and Laws 2.6
(Fielder returning without permission), 41.2 (Fielding the ball), 42.4 (Deliberate
attempt to distract striker) and 42.5 (Deliberate distraction or obstruction of
batsman).
(b) In 4(b)(v) above, the ball will not count in the over only if both conditions of not
attempting to play the ball and having an adequate reason for not being ready are met.
Otherwise the delivery will be a valid ball.
LAW 24 NO BALL
1. Mode of delivery
(a) The umpire shall ascertain whether the bowler intends to bowl right handed or left
handed, over or round the wicket, and shall so inform the striker.
It is unfair if the bowler fails to notify the umpire of a change in his mode of delivery. In
this case the umpire shall call and signal No ball.
p.37
(b) Underarm bowling shall not be permitted except by special agreement before the match.
2. Fair delivery – the arm
For a delivery to be fair in respect of the arm the ball must not be thrown. See 3 below
Although it is the primary responsibility of the striker’s end umpire to assess the fairness of a
delivery in this respect, there is nothing in this Law to debar the bowler’s end umpire from
calling and signalling No ball if he considers that the ball has been thrown.
(a) If, in the opinion of either umpire, the ball has been thrown, he shall call and signal No
ball and, when the ball is dead, inform the other umpire of the reason for the call.
The bowler’s end umpire shall then
(i) caution the bowler. This caution shall apply throughout the innings.
(ii) inform the captain of the fielding side of the reason for this action.
(iii) inform the batsmen at the wicket of what has occurred.
(b) If, after such caution, either umpire considers that, in that innings, a further delivery by
the same bowler is thrown, the procedure set out in (a) above shall be repeated, indicating
to the bowler that this is a final warning.
This warning shall also apply throughout the innings.
(c) If either umpire considers that, in that innings, a further delivery by the same bowler is
thrown, he shall call and signal No ball and when the ball is dead inform the other umpire
of the reason for the call.
The bowler’s end umpire shall then
(i) direct the captain of the fielding side to suspend the bowler forthwith. The over
shall, if applicable, be completed by another bowler, who shall neither have bowled
the previous over or part thereof nor be allowed to bowl any part of the next over.
The bowler thus suspended shall not bowl again in that innings.
(ii) inform the batsmen at the wicket and, as soon as practicable, the captain of the
batting side of the occurrence.
(d) The umpires together shall report the occurrence as soon as possible after the match to the
Executive of the fielding side and to any Governing Body responsible for the match, who
shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the captain and the bowler
concerned.
3. Definition of fair delivery – the arm
A ball is fairly delivered in respect of the arm if, once the bowler’s arm has reached the level
of the shoulder in the delivery swing, the elbow joint is not straightened partially or
completely from that point until the ball has left the hand. This definition shall not debar a
bowler from flexing or rotating the wrist in the delivery swing.
4. Bowler throwing towards striker’s end before delivery
If the bowler throws the ball towards the striker’s end before entering his delivery stride,
either umpire shall call and signal No ball. See Law 42.16 (Batsmen stealing a run).
However, the procedure stated in 2 above of caution, informing, final warning, action against
the bowler and reporting shall not apply.
5. Fair delivery – the feet
For a delivery to be fair in respect of the feet, in the delivery stride
(a) the bowler’s back foot must land within and not touching the return crease appertaining to
his stated mode of delivery.
p.38
(b) the bowler’s front foot must land with some part of the foot, whether grounded or raised
(i) on the same side of the imaginary line joining the two middle stumps as the return
crease described in (a) above
and (ii) behind the popping crease.
If the bowler’s end umpire is not satisfied that all of these three conditions have been met, he
shall call and signal No ball.
6. Bowler breaking wicket in delivering ball
Either umpire shall call and signal No ball if, other than in an attempt to run out the nonstriker
under Law 42.15, the bowler breaks the wicket at any time after the ball comes into
play and before he completes the stride after the delivery stride. See Appendix D. Laws
23.4(b)(viii), 23.4(b)(ix) and 10 below will apply.
7. Ball bouncing more than twice or rolling along the ground
The umpire shall call and signal No ball if a ball which he considers to have been delivered,
without having previously touched bat or person of the striker,
either (i) bounces more than twice
or (ii) rolls along the ground
before it reaches the popping crease.
8. Ball coming to rest in front of striker’s wicket
If a ball delivered by the bowler comes to rest in front of the line of the striker’s wicket,
without having previously touched the bat or person of the striker, the umpire shall call and
signal No ball and immediately call and signal Dead ball.
9. Call of No ball for infringement of other Laws
In addition to the instances above, No ball is to be called and signalled as required by the
following Laws.
Law 40.3 - Position of wicket-keeper
Law 41.5 - Limitation of on side fielders
Law 41.6 - Fielders not to encroach on pitch
Law 42.6 - Dangerous and unfair bowling
Law 42.7 - Dangerous and unfair bowling – action by the umpire
Law 42.8 - Deliberate bowling of high full pitched balls
10. Revoking a call of No ball
An umpire shall revoke his call of No ball if the ball does not leave the bowler’s hand for any
reason.
11. No ball to over-ride Wide
A call of No ball shall over-ride the call of Wide ball at any time. See Laws 25.1(Judging a
Wide) and 25.3 (Call and signal of Wide ball).
12. Ball not dead
The ball does not become dead on the call of No ball.
13. Penalty for a No ball
p.39
A penalty of one run shall be awarded instantly on the call of No ball. Unless the call is
revoked, the penalty shall stand even if a batsman is dismissed. It shall be in addition to any
other runs scored, any boundary allowance and any other runs awarded for penalties.
14. Runs resulting from a No ball – how scored
The one run penalty shall be scored as a No ball extra. If other penalty runs have been
awarded to either side these shall be scored as stated in Law 42.17 (Penalty runs). Any runs
completed by the batsmen or any boundary allowance shall be credited to the striker if the
ball has been struck by the bat; otherwise they shall also be scored as No ball extras.
Apart from any award of 5 penalty runs, all runs resulting from a No ball, whether as No ball
extras or credited to the striker, shall be debited against the bowler.
15. No ball not to count
A No ball shall not count as one of the over. See Law 22.3 (Validity of balls).
16. Out from a No ball
When No ball has been called, neither batsman shall be out under any of the Laws except 33
(Handled the ball), 34 (Hit the ball twice), 37 (Obstructing the field) or 38 (Run out).
LAW 25 WIDE BALL
1. Judging a Wide
(a) If the bowler bowls a ball, not being a No ball, the umpire shall adjudge it a Wide if,
according to the definition in (b) below, in his opinion the ball passes wide of the striker
where he is and which also would have passed wide of him standing in a normal guard
position.
(b) The ball will be considered as passing wide of the striker unless it is sufficiently within
his reach for him to be able to hit it with his bat by means of a normal cricket stroke.
2. Delivery not a Wide
The umpire shall not adjudge a delivery as being a Wide
(a) if the striker, by moving,
either (i) causes the ball to pass wide of him, as defined in 1(b) above
or (ii) brings the ball sufficiently within his reach to be able to hit it by means of a
normal cricket stroke.
(b) if the ball touches the striker’s bat or person.
3. Call and signal of Wide ball
(a) If the umpire adjudges a delivery to be a Wide he shall call and signal Wide ball as soon
as the ball passes the striker’s wicket. It shall, however, be considered to have been a
Wide from the instant of delivery, even though it cannot be called Wide until it passes the
striker’s wicket.
(b) The umpire shall revoke the call of Wide ball if there is then any contact between the ball
and the striker’s bat or person.
(c) The umpire shall revoke the call of Wide ball if a delivery is called a No ball. See Law
24.11 (No ball to over-ride Wide).
4. Ball not dead
The ball does not become dead on the call of Wide ball.
p.40
5. Penalty for a Wide
A penalty of one run shall be awarded instantly on the call of Wide ball. Unless the call is
revoked (see 3(b) and (c) above), this penalty shall stand even if a batsman is dismissed, and
shall be in addition to any other runs scored, any boundary allowance and any other runs
awarded for penalties.
6. Runs resulting from a Wide – how scored
All runs completed by the batsmen or a boundary allowance, together with the penalty for the
Wide, shall be scored as Wide balls. Apart from any award of 5 penalty runs, all runs
resulting from a Wide shall be debited against the bowler.
7. Wide not to count
A Wide shall not count as one of the over. See Law 22.3 (Validity of balls).
8. Out from a Wide
When Wide ball has been called, neither batsman shall be out under any of the Laws except
35 (Hit wicket), 37 (Obstructing the field), 38 (Run out) or 39 (Stumped).
LAW 26 BYE AND LEG BYE
1. Byes
If the ball, delivered by the bowler, not being a No ball or a Wide, passes the striker without
touching his bat or person, any runs completed by the batsmen from that delivery, or a
boundary allowance, shall be credited as Byes to the batting side.
2. Leg byes
(a) If a ball delivered by the bowler first strikes the person of the striker, runs shall be scored
only if the umpire is satisfied that the striker has
either (i) attempted to play the ball with his bat
or (ii) tried to avoid being hit by the ball.
(b) If the umpire is satisfied that either of these conditions has been met runs shall be scored
as follows.
(i) If there is
either no subsequent contact with the striker’s bat or person,
or only inadvertent contact with the striker’s bat or person
runs completed by the batsmen or a boundary allowance shall be credited to the
striker in the case of subsequent contact with his bat but otherwise to the batting side
as in (c) below.
(ii) If the striker wilfully makes a lawful second strike, Laws 34.3 (Ball lawfully struck
more than once) and 34.4 (Runs scored from ball lawfully struck more than once)
shall apply.
(c) The runs in (b)(i) above, unless credited to the striker, shall,
(i) if the delivery is not a No ball, be scored as Leg byes.
(ii) if No ball has been called, be scored together with the penalty for the No ball, as No
ball extras.
3. Leg byes not to be awarded
If in the circumstance of 2(a) above the umpire considers that neither of the conditions (i) and
(ii) therein has been met, then Leg byes shall not be awarded. The batting side shall not be
p.41
credited with any runs from that delivery apart from the one run penalty for a No ball if
applicable. Moreover, no other penalties arising from that delivery shall be awarded to the
batting side. The following procedure shall be adopted.
(a) If no run is attempted but the ball reaches the boundary, the umpire shall call and signal
Dead ball, and disallow the boundary.
(b) If runs are attempted and if
(i) neither batsman is dismissed and the ball does not become dead for any other reason,
the umpire shall call and signal Dead ball as soon as one run is completed or the ball
reaches the boundary. The run or boundary shall be disallowed. The batsmen shall
return to their original ends.
(ii) before one run is completed or the ball reaches the boundary, a batsman is dismissed,
or the ball becomes dead for any other reason, all the provisions of the Laws will
apply, except that no runs and no penalties shall be credited to the batting side, other
than the penalty for a No ball if applicable.
LAW 27 APPEALS
1. Umpire not to give batsman out without an appeal
Neither umpire shall give a batsman out, even though he may be out under the Laws, unless
appealed to by a fielder. This shall not debar a batsman who is out under any of the Laws
from leaving his wicket without an appeal having been made. Note, however, the provisions
of 7 below.
2. Batsman dismissed
A batsman is dismissed if
either (a) he is given out by an umpire, on appeal
or (b) he is out under any of the Laws and leaves his wicket as in 1 above.
3. Timing of appeals
For an appeal to be valid, it must be made before the bowler begins his run up or, if he has no
run up, his bowling action to deliver the next ball, and before Time has been called.
The call of Over does not invalidate an appeal made prior to the start of the following over,
provided Time has not been called. See Laws 16.2 (Call of Time) and 22.2 (Start of an over).
4. Appeal “How’s That?”
An appeal “How’s That?” covers all ways of being out.
5. Answering appeals
The striker’s end umpire shall answer all appeals arising out of any of Laws 35 (Hit wicket),
39 (Stumped) or 38 (Run out) when this occurs at the wicket-keeper’s end. The bowler’s end
umpire shall answer all other appeals.
When an appeal is made, each umpire shall answer on any matter that falls within his
jurisdiction.
When a batsman has been given Not out, either umpire may answer an appeal, made in
accordance with 3 above, if it is on a further matter and is within his jurisdiction.
6. Consultation by umpires
Each umpire shall answer appeals on matters within his own jurisdiction. If an umpire is
doubtful about any point that the other umpire may have been in a better position to see, he
p.42
shall consult the latter on this point of fact and shall then give the decision. If, after
consultation, there is still doubt remaining, the decision shall be Not out.
7. Batsman leaving his wicket under a misapprehension
An umpire shall intervene if satisfied that a batsman, not having been given out, has left his
wicket under a misapprehension that he is out. The umpire intervening shall call and signal
Dead ball to prevent any further action by the fielding side and shall recall the batsman.
8. Withdrawal of an appeal
The captain of the fielding side may withdraw an appeal only if he obtains the consent of the
umpire within whose jurisdiction the appeal falls. He must do so before the outgoing batsman
has left the field of play. If such consent is given, the umpire concerned shall, if applicable,
revoke his decision and recall the batsman.
9. Umpire’s decision
An umpire may alter his decision provided that such alteration is made promptly. This apart,
an umpire’s decision, once made, is final.
LAW 28 THE WICKET IS DOWN
1. Wicket put down
(a) The wicket is put down if a bail is completely removed from the top of the stumps, or a
stump is struck out of the ground,
(i) by the ball,
or (ii) by the striker’s bat if he is holding it or by any part of his bat that he is holding,
or (iii) notwithstanding the provisions of Law 6.8(a), by the striker’s bat in falling if he has
let go of it, or by any part of his bat becoming detached,
or (iv) by the striker’s person or by any part of his clothing or equipment becoming
detached from his person,
or (v) by a fielder with his hand or arm, providing that the ball is held in the hand or hands
so used, or in the hand of the arm so used.
The wicket is also put down if a fielder strikes or pulls a stump out of the ground in
the same manner.
(b) The disturbance of a bail, whether temporary or not, shall not constitute its complete
removal from the top of the stumps, but if a bail in falling lodges between two of the
stumps this shall be regarded as complete removal.
2. One bail off
If one bail is off, it shall be sufficient for the purpose of putting the wicket down to remove
the remaining bail or to strike or pull any of the three stumps out of the ground, in any of the
ways stated in 1 above.
3. Remaking wicket
If a wicket is broken or put down while the ball is in play, it shall not be remade by an umpire
until the ball is dead. See Law 23 (Dead ball). Any fielder may, however, while the ball is in
play,
(i) replace a bail or bails on top of the stumps.
(ii) put back one or more stumps into the ground where the wicket originally stood.
4. Dispensing with bails
p.43
If the umpires have agreed to dispense with bails in accordance with Law 8.5 (Dispensing
with bails), it is for the umpire concerned to decide whether or not the wicket has been put
down.
(a) After a decision to play without bails, the wicket has been put down if the umpire
concerned is satisfied that the wicket has been struck by the ball, by the striker’s bat,
person or items of his clothing or equipment as described in 1(a) (ii), (iii) or (iv) above, or
by a fielder in the manner described in 1(a)(v) above.
(b) If the wicket has already been broken or put down, (a) above shall apply to any stump or
stumps still in the ground. Any fielder may replace a stump or stumps, in accordance
with 3 above, in order to have an opportunity of putting the wicket down.
LAW 29 BATSMAN OUT OF HIS GROUND
1. When out of his ground
(a) A batsman shall be considered to be out of his ground unless his bat or some part of his
person is grounded behind the popping crease at that end.
(b) Notwithstanding (a) above, if a running batsman, having grounded some part of his foot
behind the popping crease, continues running further towards the wicket at that end and
beyond, then any subsequent total loss of contact with the ground of both his person and
his bat during his continuing forward momentum shall not be interpreted as being out of
his ground.
2. Which is a batsman’s ground
(a) If only one batsman is within a ground
(i) it is his ground
(ii) it remains his ground even if he is later joined there by the other batsman.
(b) If both batsmen are in the same ground and one of them subsequently leaves it, (a)(i)
above applies.
(c) If there is no batsman in either ground, then each ground belongs to whichever batsman is
nearer to it, or, if the batsmen are level, to whichever batsman was nearer to it
immediately prior to their drawing level.
(d) If a ground belongs to one batsman then, unless there is a striker who has a runner, the
other ground belongs to the other batsman, irrespective of his position.
(e) When a batsman who has a runner is striker, his ground is always at the wicket-keeper’s
end. However, (a), (b), (c) and (d) above will still apply, but only to the runner and the
non-striker, so that that ground will also belong to either the non-striker or the runner, as
the case may be.
3. Position of non-striker
The non-striker, when standing at the bowler’s end, should be positioned on the opposite side
of the wicket to that from which the ball is being delivered, unless a request to do otherwise is
granted by the umpire.
LAW 30 BOWLED
1. Out Bowled
(a) The striker is out Bowled if his wicket is put down by a ball delivered by the bowler, not
being a No ball, even if it first touches his bat or person.
p.44
(b) Notwithstanding (a) above he shall not be out Bowled if before striking the wicket the ball
has been in contact with any other player or an umpire. He will, however, be subject to
Laws 37 (Obstructing the field), 38 (Run out) and 39 (Stumped).
2. Bowled to take precedence
The striker is out Bowled if his wicket is put down as in 1 above, even though a decision
against him for any other method of dismissal would be justified.
LAW 31 TIMED OUT
1. Out Timed out
(a) After the fall of a wicket or the retirement of a batsman, the incoming batsman must,
unless Time has been called, be in position to take guard or for his partner to be ready to
receive the next ball within 3 minutes of the dismissal or retirement. If this requirement is
not met, the incoming batsman will be out, Timed out.
(b) In the event of protracted delay in which no batsman comes to the wicket, the umpires
shall adopt the procedure of Law 21.3 (Umpires awarding a match). For the purposes of
that Law the start of the action shall be taken as the expiry of the 3 minutes referred to
above.
2. Bowler does not get credit
The bowler does not get credit for the wicket.
LAW 32 CAUGHT
1. Out Caught
The striker is out Caught if a ball delivered by the bowler, not being a No ball, touches his bat
without having previously been in contact with any fielder, and is subsequently held by a
fielder as a fair catch, as described in 3 below, before it touches the ground.
2. Caught to take precedence
If the criteria of 1 above are met and the striker is not out Bowled, then he is out Caught, even
though a decision against either batsman for another method of dismissal would be justified.
3. A fair catch
Providing that in every case
neither (i) at any time the ball
nor (ii) throughout the act of making the catch as defined in Law 19.4, any fielder in
contact with the ball
is, as described in Law 19.3(b), touching the boundary or grounded beyond the boundary, a
catch shall be considered to be fair if
(a) the ball is hugged to the body of the catcher or accidentally lodges in his clothing or, in the
case of a wicket-keeper only, in his pads. However, it is not a fair catch if the ball lodges
in a protective helmet worn by a fielder.
(b) the ball does not touch the ground even though the hand holding it does so in effecting the
catch.
(c) a fielder catches the ball after it has been lawfully struck more than once by the striker, but
only if it has not been grounded since it was first struck.
(d) a fielder catches the ball after it has touched an umpire, another fielder or the other
batsman.
p.45
However, it is not a fair catch if at any time after having been struck by the bat and before
a catch is completed the ball has touched a protective helmet worn by a fielder.
(e) a fielder catches the ball after it has crossed the boundary in the air, provided that after
being struck by the bat, the first contact with the ball is by a fielder, not touching or
grounded beyond the boundary, who has some part of his person grounded within the
boundary or whose final contact with the ground before touching the ball was entirely
within the boundary.
Any fielder subsequently touching the ball is not subject to this restriction. See Law 19.4
(Ball beyond the boundary).
(f) the ball is caught off an obstruction within the boundary that has not been designated a
boundary by the umpires before the toss.
4. Fielder beyond the boundary
A catch shall not be made and a Boundary 6 shall be scored if after the ball has been struck by
the bat a fielder
(i) has some part of his person touching or grounded beyond the boundary when he
catches the ball, or after catching it subsequently touches the boundary or grounds
some part of his person beyond the boundary while carrying the ball but before
completing the catch as defined in Law 19.4.
ii) catches the ball after it has crossed the boundary in the air without the conditions in
3(e) above being satisfied.
See Laws 19.3 (Scoring a boundary) and 19.5 (Runs allowed for boundaries).
5. No runs to be scored
If the striker is dismissed Caught, runs from that delivery completed by the batsmen before
the completion of the catch shall not be scored but any runs for penalties awarded to either
side shall stand. Law 18.12 (Batsman returning to wicket he has left) shall apply from the
instant of the completion of the catch.
LAW 33 HANDLED THE BALL
1. Out Handled the ball
The striker is out Handled the ball if, except in the circumstances of 2 below, in the act of
playing a ball delivered by the bowler, he wilfully strikes the ball with a hand not holding the
bat. This will apply whether No ball has been called or not and whether it is the first strike or a
second or subsequent strike.
The act of playing the ball shall also encompass both playing at the ball and striking the ball
more than once in defence of his wicket.
2. Not out Handled the ball
Notwithstanding 1 above,
(a) the striker will not be out Handled the ball if the strike with a hand not holding the bat is in
order to avoid injury.
(b) the striker will not be out Handled the ball but will be liable to be out Obstructing the field
if he makes a strike with a hand not holding the bat
(i) unless trying to avoid injury, as a lawful second or subsequent strike which
prevents a catch. See Law 37.3 (Obstructing a ball from being caught).
(ii) unless trying to avoid injury, after he has completed the act of playing the ball, as
defined in 1 above.
(iii) at any time while the ball is in play, to return the ball to any fielder, without the
consent of a fielder. See Law 37.4 (Returning the ball to a fielder).
p.46
3. Bowler does not get credit
The bowler does not get credit for the wicket.
LAW 34 HIT THE BALL TWICE
1. Out Hit the ball twice
(a) The striker is out Hit the ball twice if, while the ball is in play, it strikes any part of his
person or is struck by his bat and, before the ball has been touched by a fielder, he
wilfully strikes it again with his bat or person, other than a hand not holding the bat,
except for the sole purpose of guarding his wicket. See 3 below and Laws 33 (Handled
the ball) and 37 (Obstructing the field).
(b) For the purpose of this Law ‘struck’ or ‘strike’ shall include contact with the person of the
striker.
2. Not out Hit the ball twice
Notwithstanding 1(a) above, the striker will not be out under this Law if
(i) he strikes the ball a second or subsequent time in order to return the ball to any fielder.
Note, however, the provisions of Law 37.4 (Returning the ball to a fielder).
(ii) he wilfully strikes the ball after it has touched a fielder. Note, however the provisions
of Law 37.1 (Out Obstructing the field).
3. Ball lawfully struck more than once
Solely in order to guard his wicket and before the ball has been touched by a fielder, the
striker may lawfully strike the ball a second or subsequent time with his bat, or with any part
of his person other than a hand not holding the bat.
Notwithstanding this provision, he may not prevent the ball from being caught by striking the
ball more than once in defence of his wicket. See Law 37.3 (Obstructing a ball from being
caught).
4. Runs scored from ball lawfully struck more than once
When the ball is lawfully struck more than once, as permitted in 3 above, only the first strike is
to be considered in determining what runs may be scored.
(a) If on the first strike the umpire is satisfied that
(i) the ball first struck the bat
or (ii) the striker attempted to hit the ball with his bat
or (iii) the striker attempted to avoid being hit by the ball
the batting side shall not be credited with any runs but any penalties that may be applicable
shall stand except that a penalty under Law 41.3 (Protective helmets belonging to the
fielding side) is not to be awarded.
(b) If the umpire considers that on the first strike none of the conditions in (a) has been met,
then no runs or penalties will be credited to the batting side other than the one run penalty
for a No ball if applicable.
5. No runs permitted from ball lawfully struck more than once – action by the umpire
(a) If no run is attempted but the ball reaches the boundary the umpire shall call and signal
Dead ball and disallow the boundary.
(b) If the batsmen run, and
(i) neither batsman is dismissed and the ball does not become dead for any other reason,
the umpire shall call and signal Dead ball as soon as one run is completed or the ball
p.47
reaches the boundary. The run or boundary shall be disallowed. The batsmen shall
be returned to their original ends.
(ii) a batsman is dismissed or for any other reason the ball becomes dead before one run
is completed or the ball reaches the boundary, all the provisions of the Laws will
apply except that the batting side shall not be credited with any runs, except the
penalties permitted under 4(a) or 4(b) above as appropriate.
6. Bowler does not get credit
The bowler does not get credit for the wicket.
LAW 35 HIT WICKET
1. Out Hit wicket
(a) The striker is out Hit wicket if, after the bowler has entered his delivery stride and while
the ball is in play, his wicket is put down either by the striker’s bat or by his person as
described in Law 28.1(a)(ii), (iii) and (iv) (Wicket put down)
` either (i) in the course of any action taken by him in preparing to receive or in
receiving a delivery,
or (ii) in setting off for his first run immediately after playing or playing at the ball,
or (iii) if he makes no attempt to play the ball, in setting off for his first run,
providing that in the opinion of the umpire this is immediately after he has
had the opportunity of playing the ball,
or (iv) in lawfully making a second or further stroke for the purpose of guarding his
wicket within the provisions of Law 34.3 (Ball lawfully struck more than
once).
(b) If the striker puts his wicket down in any of the ways described in Law 28.1(a)(ii), (iii)
and (iv) (Wicket put down) before the bowler has entered his delivery stride, either
umpire shall call and signal Dead ball.
2. Not out Hit wicket
Notwithstanding 1 above, the striker is not out under this Law should his wicket be put down
in any of the ways referred to in 1 above if
(a) it occurs after he has completed any action in receiving the delivery, other than in
1(a)(ii), (iii) and (iv) above.
(b) it occurs when he is in the act of running, other than setting off immediately for his first
run.
(c) it occurs when he is trying to avoid being run out or stumped.
(d) it occurs when he is trying to avoid a throw in at any time.
(e) the bowler after entering his delivery stride does not deliver the ball. In this case either
umpire shall immediately call and signal Dead ball. See Law 23.4 (Umpire calling and
signalling Dead ball).
(f) the delivery is a No ball.
LAW 36 LEG BEFORE WICKET
1. Out LBW
The striker is out LBW in the circumstances set out below.
(a) The bowler delivers a ball, not being a No ball
p.48
and (b) the ball, if it is not intercepted full pitch, pitches in line between wicket and wicket
or on the off side of the striker’s wicket
and (c) the ball not having previously touched his bat, the striker intercepts the ball, either
full pitch or after pitching, with any part of his person
and (d) the point of impact, even if above the level of the bails,
either (i) is between wicket and wicket
or (ii) if the striker has made no genuine attempt to play the ball with his bat, is
either between wicket and wicket or outside the line of the off stump.
and (e) but for the interception, the ball would have hit the wicket.
2. Interception of the ball
(a) In assessing points (c), (d) and (e) in 1 above, only the first interception is to be
considered.
(b) In assessing point (e) in 1 above, it is to be assumed that the path of the ball before
interception would have continued after interception, irrespective of whether the ball
might have pitched subsequently or not.
3. Off side of wicket
The off side of the striker’s wicket shall be determined by the striker’s stance at the moment
the ball comes into play for that delivery. See Appendix D.
LAW 37 OBSTRUCTING THE FIELD
1. Out Obstructing the field
Either batsman is out Obstructing the field if he wilfully attempts to obstruct or distract the
fielding side by word or action. In particular, but not solely, it shall be regarded as obstruction
and either batsman will be out Obstructing the field if while the ball is in play and after the
striker has completed the act of playing the ball, as defined in Law 33.1, he wilfully strikes the
ball with
(i) a hand not holding the bat, unless this is in order to avoid injury. See also Law 33.2 (Not
out Handled the ball).
(ii) any other part of his person or with his bat. See also Law 34 (Hit the ball twice).
2. Accidental obstruction
It is for either umpire to decide whether any obstruction or distraction is wilful or not. He shall
consult the other umpire if he has any doubt.
3. Obstructing a ball from being caught
The striker is out should wilful obstruction or distraction by either batsman prevent a catch
being made. This shall apply even though the obstruction is caused by the striker himself in
lawfully guarding his wicket under the provision of Law 34.3 (Ball lawfully struck more than
once).
4. Returning the ball to a fielder
Either batsman is out Obstructing the field if, at any time while the ball is in play and without
the consent of a fielder, he uses his bat or any part of his person, including a hand not holding
the bat, to return the ball to any fielder.
5. Runs scored
When either batsman is dismissed Obstructing the field,
p.49
(a) unless the obstruction prevents a catch from being made, runs completed by the batsmen
before the offence shall be scored, together with any runs awarded for penalties to either
side. See Laws 18.6 (Runs awarded for penalties) and 18.9 (Runs scored when a
batsman is dismissed).
(b) if the obstruction prevents a catch from being made, runs completed by the batsmen
shall not be scored but any penalties awarded to either side shall stand.
6. Bowler does not get credit
The bowler does not get credit for the wicket.
LAW 38 RUN OUT
1. Out Run out
(a) Either batsman is out Run out, except as in 2 below, if, at any time while the ball is in
play,
(i) he is out of his ground
and (ii) his wicket is fairly put down by the action of a fielder.
(b) (a) above shall apply even though No ball has been called, except in the circumstances of
2(b)(ii) below, and whether or not a run is being attempted.
2. Batsman not Run out
Notwithstanding 1 above,
(a) A batsman is not out Run out if
(i) he has been within his ground and has subsequently left it to avoid injury, when
the wicket is put down.
Note also the provisions of Law 29.1(b) (When out of his ground).
(ii) the ball has not subsequently been touched by a fielder, after the bowler has
entered his delivery stride, before the wicket is put down.
(iii) the ball, having been played by the striker, or having come off his person, directly
strikes a protective helmet worn by a fielder and, without any other contact with
him or any contact with any other fielder, rebounds directly on to the wicket.
However, the ball remains in play and either batsman may be Run out in the
circumstances of 1 above if a wicket is subsequently put down.
(b) The striker is not out Run out
(i) if he is out Stumped. See Laws 2.8(e)(ii) (Transgression of the Laws by a batsman
who has a runner) and 39.1(b) (Out Stumped).
(ii) either in the circumstances of Law 2.8(e)(i) (Transgression of the Laws by a
batsman who has a runner) or, otherwise,
if No ball has been called
and he is out of his ground not attempting a run
and the wicket is fairly put down by the wicket-keeper without the intervention of another
fielder.
3. Which batsman is out
The batsman out in the circumstances of 1 above is the one whose ground is at the end where
the wicket is put down. See Laws 2.8 (Transgression of the Laws by a batsman who has a
runner) and 29.2 (Which is a batsman’s ground).
4. Runs scored
p.50
If either batsman is dismissed Run out, the run in progress when the wicket is put down shall
not be scored, but runs completed by the batsmen shall stand, together with any runs for
penalties awarded to either side. See Laws 18.6 (Runs awarded for penalties) and 18.9 (Runs
scored when a batsman is dismissed).
If, however, a striker who has a runner is himself dismissed Run out, runs completed by the
runner and the other batsman before the wicket is put down shall be disallowed, but any runs
for penalties awarded to either side shall stand. The non-striker shall return to his original
end. See Law 2.8 (Transgression of the Laws by a batsman who has a runner).
5. Bowler does not get credit
The bowler does not get credit for the wicket.
LAW 39 STUMPED
1. Out Stumped
(a) The striker is out Stumped, except as in 3 below, if
(i) a ball which is not a No ball is delivered
and (ii) he is out of his ground, other than as in 3(a) below
and (iii) he has not attempted a run
when (iv) his wicket is fairly put down by the wicket-keeper without the intervention of
another fielder. Note, however Laws 2.8(c) and (e) (Transgression of the Laws by
a batsman who has a runner) and 40.3 (Position of wicket-keeper).
(b) The striker is out Stumped if all the conditions of (a) above are satisfied, even though a
decision of Run out would be justified.
2. Ball rebounding from wicket-keeper’s person
(a) If the wicket is put down by the ball, it shall be regarded as having been put down by the
wicket-keeper if the ball
(i) rebounds on to the stumps from any part of the wicket-keeper’s person or
equipment other than a protective helmet
or (ii) has been kicked or thrown on to the stumps by the wicket-keeper.
(b) If the ball touches a protective helmet worn by the wicket-keeper, the ball is still in play
but the striker shall not be out Stumped. He will, however, be liable to be Run out in
these circumstances if there is subsequent contact between the ball and any fielder. Note,
however, 3 below.
3. Not out Stumped
(a) Notwithstanding 1 above, the striker will not be out Stumped if he has left his ground in
order to avoid injury.
(b) If the striker is not out Stumped he may, except in the circumstances of either of Laws
2.8(e)(i) or 38.2(b)(ii), be out Run out if the conditions of Law 38.1 (Out Run out) apply.
LAW 40 THE WICKET-KEEPER
1. Protective equipment
The wicket-keeper is the only fielder permitted to wear gloves and external leg guards. If he
does so these are to be regarded as part of his person for the purposes of Law 41.2 (Fielding
the ball). If by his actions and positioning it is apparent to the umpires that he will not be able
to discharge his duties as a wicket-keeper, he shall forfeit this right and also the right to be
p.51
recognised as a wicket-keeper for the purposes of Laws 32.3 (A fair catch), 39 (Stumped),
41.1 (Protective equipment), 41.5 (Limitation of on-side fielders) and 41.6 (Fielders not to
encroach on pitch).
2. Gloves
If, as permitted under 1 above, the wicket-keeper wears gloves, they shall have no webbing
between the fingers except joining index finger and thumb, where webbing may be inserted as
a means of support. If used, the webbing shall be
(a) a single piece of non-stretch material which, although it may have facing material
attached, shall have no reinforcements or tucks.
(b) such that the top edge of the webbing
(i) does not protrude beyond the straight line joining the top of the index finger to the
top of the thumb.
(ii) is taut when a hand wearing the glove has the thumb fully extended.
See Appendix C.
3. Position of wicket-keeper
The wicket-keeper shall remain wholly behind the wicket at the striker’s end from the
moment the ball comes into play until
(a) a ball delivered by the bowler
either (i) touches the bat or person of the striker
or (ii) passes the wicket at the striker’s end
or (b) the striker attempts a run.
In the event of the wicket-keeper contravening this Law, the striker’s end umpire shall call
and signal No ball as soon as applicable after the delivery of the ball.
4. Movement by wicket-keeper
It is unfair if the wicket-keeper standing back makes a significant movement towards the
wicket after the ball comes into play and before it reaches the striker. In the event of such
unfair movement by the wicket-keeper, either umpire shall call and signal Dead ball.
It will not be considered a significant movement if the wicket-keeper moves a few paces
forward for a slower delivery.
5. Restriction on actions of wicket-keeper
If, in the opinion of either umpire, the wicket-keeper interferes with the striker’s right to play
the ball and to guard his wicket, Law 23.4(b)(vi) (Umpire calling and signalling Dead ball)
shall apply.
If, however, either umpire considers that the interference by the wicket-keeper was wilful,
then Law 42.4 (Deliberate attempt to distract striker) shall also apply.
6. Interference with wicket-keeper by striker
If, in playing at the ball or in the legitimate defence of his wicket, the striker interferes with
the wicket-keeper, he shall not be out except as provided for in Law 37.3 (Obstructing a ball
from being caught).
LAW 41 THE FIELDER
1. Protective equipment
p.52
No fielder other than the wicket-keeper shall be permitted to wear gloves or external leg
guards. In addition, protection for the hand or fingers may be worn only with the consent of
the umpires.
2. Fielding the ball
A fielder may field the ball with any part of his person, but if, while the ball is in play, he
wilfully fields it otherwise,
(a) the ball shall immediately become dead.
and (b) the umpire shall
(i) award 5 penalty runs to the batting side.
(ii) The penalty for a No ball or a Wide shall stand. Additionally, runs completed by
the batsmen shall be credited to the batting side, together with the run in progress
if the batsmen had already crossed at the instant of the offence.
(iii) inform the other umpire and the captain of the fielding side of the reason for this
action.
(iv) inform the batsmen and, as soon as practicable, the captain of the batting side of
what has occurred.
(c) The ball shall not count as one of the over.
(d) The umpires together shall report the occurrence as soon as possible after the match to the
Executive of the fielding side and to any Governing Body responsible for the match, who
shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the captain and the player or
players concerned.
3. Protective helmets belonging to the fielding side
Protective helmets, when not in use by fielders, should, if above the surface, be placed only
on the ground behind the wicket-keeper and in line with both sets of stumps.
If a protective helmet belonging to the fielding side is on the ground within the field of play,
and the ball while in play strikes it, the ball shall become dead and, except in the
circumstances of Law 34 (Hit the ball twice), 5 penalty runs shall then be awarded to the
batting side, in addition to the penalty for a No ball or a Wide, if applicable.
Additionally runs completed by the batsmen before the ball strikes the protective helmet shall
be scored, together with the run in progress if the batsmen had already crossed at the instant
of the ball striking the protective helmet. See Law 18.10 (Runs scored when the ball becomes
dead other than at the fall of a wicket).
If, however, the circumstances of Law 34 apply, neither the 5 penalty runs nor any runs to the
batsman are to be awarded. See Law 34.4 (Runs scored from a ball lawfully struck more than
once).
4. Penalty runs not to be awarded
Notwithstanding 2 and 3 above, if from the delivery by the bowler, the ball first struck the
person of the striker and, if in the opinion of the umpire, the striker
neither (i) attempted to play the ball with his bat
nor (ii) tried to avoid being hit by the ball,
then no award of 5 penalty runs shall be made and no other runs or penalties shall be credited
to the batting side except the penalty for a No ball, if applicable.
If runs are attempted, the umpire should follow the procedure laid down in Law 26.3 (Leg
byes not to be awarded).
 
5. Limitation of on side fielders
At the instant of the bowler’s delivery there shall not be more than two fielders, other than the
wicket-keeper, behind the popping crease on the on side. A fielder will be considered to be
behind the popping crease unless the whole of his person whether grounded or in the air is in
front of this line.
In the event of infringement of this Law by any fielder, the striker’s end umpire shall call and
signal No ball.
6. Fielders not to encroach on pitch
While the ball is in play and until the ball has made contact with the striker’s bat or person, or
has passed the striker’s bat, no fielder, other than the bowler, may have any part of his person
grounded on or extended over the pitch.
In the event of infringement of this Law by any fielder other than the wicket-keeper, the
bowler’s end umpire shall call and signal No ball as soon as possible after delivery of the ball.
Note, however, Law 40.3 (Position of wicket-keeper).
7. Movement by fielders
Any significant movement by any fielder after the ball comes into play, and before the ball
reaches the striker, is unfair. In the event of such unfair movement, either umpire shall call
and signal Dead ball. Note also the provisions of Law 42.4 (Deliberate attempt to distract
striker).
8. Definition of significant movement
(a) For close fielders anything other than minor adjustments to stance or position in relation
to the striker is significant.
(b) In the outfield, fielders are permitted to move towards the striker or the striker’s wicket,
provided that 5 above is not contravened. Anything other than slight movement off line
or away from the striker is to be considered significant.
(c) For restrictions on movement by the wicket-keeper see Law 40.4 (Movement by wicketkeeper).
LAW 42 FAIR AND UNFAIR PLAY
1. Fair and unfair play – responsibility of captains
The responsibility lies with the captains for ensuring that play is conducted within the spirit
and traditions of the game, as described in The Preamble – The Spirit of Cricket, as well as
within the Laws.
2. Fair and unfair play – responsibility of umpires
The umpires shall be the sole judges of fair and unfair play. If either umpire considers an
action, not covered by the Laws, to be unfair he shall intervene without appeal and, if the ball
is in play, call and signal Dead ball and implement the procedure as set out in 18 below.
Otherwise umpires shall not interfere with the progress of play without appeal except as
required to do so by the Laws.
3. The match ball – changing its condition
(a) Any fielder may
(i) polish the ball provided that no artificial substance is used and that such polishing
wastes no time.
p.54
(ii) remove mud from the ball under the supervision of the umpire.
(iii) dry a wet ball on a piece of cloth.
(b) It is unfair for anyone to rub the ball on the ground for any reason, to interfere with any of
the seams or the surface of the ball, to use any implement, or to take any other action
whatsoever which is likely to alter the condition of the ball, except as permitted in (a)
above.
(c) The umpires shall make frequent and irregular inspections of the ball.
(d) If the umpires together agree that the deterioration in the condition of the ball is greater
than is consistent with the use it has received, they shall consider that there has been a
contravention of this Law. They shall
(i) change the ball forthwith. It shall be for the umpires to decide on the replacement
ball. It shall, in their opinion, have had wear comparable to that which the previous
ball had received immediately prior to the contravention.
Additionally the bowler’s end umpire shall
(ii) award 5 penalty runs to the batting side.
(iii) inform the batsmen that the ball has been changed.
(iv) inform the captain of the fielding side that the reason for the action was the unfair
interference with the ball.
(v) inform the captain of the batting side as soon as practicable of what has occurred.
(vi) together with the other umpire report the occurrence as soon as possible after the
match to the Executive of the fielding side and to any Governing Body responsible
for the match, who shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the
captain and team concerned.
(e) If the umpires together agree that there has been any further instance in that innings of
greater deterioration in the condition of the ball than is consistent with the use it has
received, they shall
(i) repeat the procedure in (d)(i), (ii) and (iii) above
Additionally the bowler’s end umpire shall
(ii) inform the captain of the fielding side of the reason for the action taken and direct
him to suspend forthwith the bowler who delivered the immediately preceding ball.
The bowler thus suspended shall not be allowed to bowl again in that innings.
If applicable, the over shall be completed by another bowler, who shall neither have
bowled any part of the previous over, nor be allowed to bowl any part of the next
over.
(iii) inform the captain of the batting side as soon as practicable of what has occurred.
(iv) together with the other umpire report the further occurrence as soon as possible after
the match to the Executive of the fielding side and to any Governing Body
responsible for the match, who shall take such action as is considered appropriate
against the captain and team concerned.
4. Deliberate attempt to distract striker
It is unfair for any fielder deliberately to attempt to distract the striker while he is preparing to
receive or receiving a delivery.
(a) If either umpire considers that any action by a fielder is such an attempt, at the first
instance he shall immediately call and signal Dead ball and inform the other umpire of the
reason for the call. The bowler’s end umpire shall
p.55
(i) warn the captain of the fielding side that the action is unfair and indicate that this is a
first and final warning.
(ii) inform the batsmen of what has occurred.
Neither batsman shall be dismissed from that delivery. The ball shall not count as one of the
over.
(b) If there is any further such deliberate attempt by any fielder in that innings, the
procedures, other than warning, as set out in (a) above shall apply. Additionally, the
bowler’s end umpire shall
(i) award 5 penalty runs to the batting side.
(ii) inform the captain of the fielding side and, as soon as practicable, the captain of the
batting side of the reason for the action.
(iii) together with the other umpire report the occurrence as soon as possible after the
match to the Executive of the fielding side and to any Governing Body responsible
for the match, who shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the
captain and the player or players concerned.
5. Deliberate distraction or obstruction of batsman
In addition to 4 above, it is unfair for any fielder wilfully to attempt, by word or action, to
distract or obstruct either batsman after the striker has received the ball.
(a) It is for either one of the umpires to decide whether any distraction or obstruction is wilful
or not.
(b) If either umpire considers that a fielder has caused or attempted to cause such a distraction
or obstruction, he shall immediately call and signal Dead ball and inform the other umpire
of the reason for the call.
(c) Neither batsman shall be dismissed from that delivery.
Additionally
(d) The bowler’s end umpire shall
(i) award 5 penalty runs to the batting side.
(ii) inform the captain of the fielding side of the reason for this action and as soon as
practicable inform the captain of the batting side.
(e) The ball shall not count as one of the over.
(f) Runs completed by the batsmen before the offence shall be scored, together with any runs
for penalties awarded to either side. Additionally, the run in progress shall be scored
whether or not the batsmen had already crossed at the instant of the offence.
(g) The batsmen at the wicket shall decide which of them is to face the next delivery.
(h) The umpires together shall report the occurrence as soon as possible after the match to the
Executive of the fielding side and to any Governing Body responsible for the match, who
shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the captain and player or
players concerned.
6. Dangerous and unfair bowling
(a) Bowling of fast short pitched balls
(i) The bowling of fast short pitched balls is dangerous and unfair if the bowler’s end
umpire considers that by their repetition and taking into account their length, height
and direction they are likely to inflict physical injury on the striker irrespective of the
protective equipment he may be wearing. The relative skill of the striker shall be
taken into consideration.
p.56
(ii) Any delivery which, after pitching, passes or would have passed over head height of
the striker standing upright at the popping crease, although not threatening physical
injury, shall be included with bowling under (i) above, both when the umpire is
considering whether the bowling of fast short pitched balls has become dangerous
and unfair and after he has so decided. The umpire shall call and signal No ball for
each such delivery.
(b) Bowling of high full pitched balls
(i) Any delivery, other than a slow paced one, which passes or would have passed on
the full above waist height of the striker standing upright at the popping crease is to
be deemed dangerous and unfair, whether or not it is likely to inflict physical injury
on the striker.
(ii) A slow delivery which passes or would have passed on the full above shoulder height
of the striker standing upright at the popping crease is to be deemed dangerous and
unfair, whether or not it is likely to inflict physical injury on the striker.
7. Dangerous and unfair bowling – action by the umpire
(a) As soon as the bowler’s end umpire decides under 6(a) above that the bowling of fast
short pitched balls has become dangerous and unfair, or, except as in 8 below, there is an
instance of dangerous and unfair bowling as defined in 6(b) above, he shall call and signal
No ball. When the ball is dead, he shall caution the bowler, inform the other umpire, the
captain of the fielding side and the batsmen of what has occurred. This caution shall
apply throughout the innings.
(b) If there is any further instance of dangerous and unfair bowling by the same bowler in that
innings, the umpire shall repeat the above procedure and indicate to the bowler that this is
a final warning.
This warning shall also apply throughout the innings.
(c) Should there be any further repetition by the same bowler in that innings, the umpire shall
call and signal No ball and
(i) when the ball is dead direct the captain to suspend the bowler forthwith and inform
the other umpire of the reason for this action.
The bowler thus suspended shall not be allowed to bowl again in that innings.
If applicable, the over shall be completed by another bowler, who shall neither have
bowled any part of the previous over, nor be allowed to bowl any part of the next
over.
Additionally he shall
(ii) report the occurrence to the batsmen and, as soon as practicable, to the captain of the
batting side.
(iii) together with the other umpire report the occurrence as soon as possible after the
match to the Executive of the fielding side and to any Governing Body responsible
for the match, who shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the
captain and bowler concerned.
8. Deliberate bowling of high full pitched balls
If the umpire considers that a bowler deliberately bowled a high full pitched ball, deemed to
be dangerous and unfair as defined in 6(b) above, then the caution and warning prescribed in
7 above shall be dispensed with. The umpire shall
(a) (i) call and signal No ball.
p.57
(ii) when the ball is dead direct the captain of the fielding side to suspend the bowler
forthwith.
The bowler thus suspended shall not be allowed to bowl again in that innings.
If applicable, the over shall be completed by another bowler, who shall neither have
bowled any part of the previous over, nor be allowed to bowl any part of the next
over.
(iii) inform the other umpire of the reason for this action.
(b) report the occurrence to the batsmen and, as soon as practicable, to the captain of the
batting side.
(c) together with the other umpire report the occurrence as soon as possible after the match to
the Executive of the fielding side and to any Governing Body responsible for the match,
who shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the captain and bowler
concerned.
9. Time wasting by the fielding side
It is unfair for any fielder to waste time.
(a) If either umpire considers that the progress of an over is unnecessarily slow, or time is
being wasted in any other way, by the captain of the fielding side or by any other fielder,
at the first instance the umpire concerned shall
(i) if the ball is in play, call and signal Dead ball.
(ii) inform the other umpire of what has occurred.
(b) The bowler’s end umpire shall then
(i) warn the captain of the fielding side, indicating that this is a first and final warning.
(ii) inform the batsmen of what has occurred.
(c) If either umpire considers that there is any further waste of time in that innings by any
fielder, he shall
(i) if the ball is in play, call and signal Dead ball.
(ii) inform the other umpire of what has occurred.
The bowler’s end umpire shall
(iii) either, if the waste of time is not during an over, award 5 penalty runs to the batting
side and inform the captain of the fielding side of the reason for this action
or, if the waste of time is during the course of an over, direct the captain of the
fielding side to suspend the bowler forthwith. The bowler thus suspended
shall not be allowed to bowl again in that innings.
If applicable, the over shall be completed by another bowler, who shall
neither have bowled any part of the previous over, nor be allowed to bowl any
part of the next over.
(iv) inform the batsmen and, as soon as is practicable, the captain of the batting side of
what has occurred.
(v) together with the other umpire report the occurrence as soon as possible after the
match to the Executive of the fielding side and to any Governing Body responsible
for the match, who shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the
captain and team concerned.
10. Batsman wasting time
It is unfair for a batsman to waste time. In normal circumstances, the striker should always be
ready to take strike when the bowler is ready to start his run up.
p.58
(a) Should either batsman waste time by failing to meet this requirement, or in any other way,
the following procedure shall be adopted. At the first instance, either before the bowler
starts his run up or when the ball becomes dead, as appropriate, the umpire shall
(i) warn both batsmen and indicate that this is a first and final warning. This warning
shall apply throughout the innings. The umpire shall so inform each incoming
batsman.
(ii) inform the other umpire of what has occurred.
(iii) inform the captain of the fielding side and, as soon as practicable, the captain of the
batting side of what has occurred.
(b) If there is any further time wasting by any batsman in that innings, the umpire shall, at the
appropriate time while the ball is dead
(i) award 5 penalty runs to the fielding side.
(ii) inform the other umpire of the reason for this action.
(iii) inform the other batsman, the captain of the fielding side and, as soon as practicable,
the captain of the batting side of what has occurred.
(iv) together with the other umpire report the occurrence as soon as possible after the
match to the Executive of the batting side and to any Governing Body responsible for
the match, who shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the captain
and player or players and, if appropriate, team concerned.
11. Damaging the pitch – area to be protected
(a) It is incumbent on all players to avoid unnecessary damage to the pitch. A player will be
deemed to be causing avoidable damage if either umpire considers that his presence on
the pitch is without reasonable cause.
It is unfair to cause deliberate damage to the pitch.
(b) An area of the pitch, to be referred to as ‘the protected area’, is defined as that area
contained within a rectangle bounded at each end by imaginary lines parallel to the
popping creases and 5 ft/1.52 m in front of each, and on the sides by imaginary lines, one
each side of the imaginary line joining the centres of the two middle stumps, each parallel
to it and 1 ft/30.48 cm from it.
12. Bowler running on protected area after delivering the ball
(a) A bowler will contravene this Law if he runs on to the protected area, either after
delivering the ball or, if he fails to release the ball, after the completion of his delivery
swing and delivery stride. See 11 above, Law 23.4(viii) (Umpire calling and signalling
Dead ball) and Appendix D.
(b) If, as defined in (a) above, the bowler contravenes this Law, at the first instance and when
the ball is dead, the umpire shall
(i) caution the bowler and inform the other umpire of what has occurred.
This caution shall apply throughout the innings.
(ii) inform the captain of the fielding side and the batsmen of what has occurred.
(c) If, in that innings, the same bowler again contravenes this Law, the umpire shall repeat
the above procedure indicating that this is a final warning. This warning shall also apply
throughout the innings.
(d) If in that innings the same bowler contravenes this Law a third time, the umpire shall,
(i) when the ball is dead, direct the captain of the fielding side to suspend the bowler
forthwith.
p.59
The bowler thus suspended shall not be allowed to bowl again in that innings.
If applicable, the over shall be completed by another bowler, who shall neither have
bowled any part of the previous over, nor be allowed to bowl any part of the next
over.
(ii) inform the other umpire of the reason for this action.
(iii) inform the batsmen and, as soon as practicable, the captain of the batting side of
what has occurred.
(iv) together with the other umpire report the occurrence as soon as possible after the
match to the Executive of the fielding side and to any Governing Body responsible
for the match, who shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the
captain and bowler concerned.
13. Fielder damaging the pitch
(a) If any fielder causes avoidable damage to the pitch, other than as in 12(a) above, at the
first instance the umpire seeing the contravention shall, when the ball is dead, inform the
other umpire. The bowler’s end umpire shall then
(i) caution the captain of the fielding side and indicate that this is a first and final
warning. This warning shall apply throughout the innings.
(ii) inform the batsmen of what has occurred.
(b) If, in that innings, there is any further instance of avoidable damage to the pitch, by any
fielder, the umpire seeing the contravention shall, when the ball is dead, inform the other
umpire. The bowler’s end umpire shall then
(i) award 5 penalty runs to the batting side.
Additionally he shall
(ii) inform the fielding captain of the reason for this action.
(iii) inform the batsmen and, as soon as practicable, the captain of the batting side of
what has occurred.
(iv) together with the other umpire report the occurrence as soon as possible after the
match to the Executive of the fielding side and to any Governing Body responsible
for the match, who shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the
captain and player or players concerned.
14. Batsman damaging the pitch
(a) If either batsman causes avoidable damage to the pitch, at the first instance the umpire
seeing the contravention shall, when the ball is dead, inform the other umpire of the
occurrence. The bowler’s end umpire shall then
(i) warn both batsmen that the practice is unfair and indicate that this is a first and final
warning. This warning shall apply throughout the innings. The umpire shall so
inform each incoming batsman.
(ii) inform the captain of the fielding side and, as soon as practicable, the captain of the
batting side of what has occurred.
(b) If there is any further instance of avoidable damage to the pitch by any batsman in that
innings, the umpire seeing the contravention shall, when the ball is dead, inform the other
umpire of the occurrence. The bowler’s end umpire shall then
(i) disallow all runs to the batting side from that delivery other than the penalty for a No
ball or a Wide, if applicable.
(ii) additionally, award 5 penalty runs to the fielding side.
(iii) return the batsmen to their original ends.
p.60
(iv) inform the captain of the fielding side and, as soon as practicable, the captain of the
batting side of what has occurred.
(c) The umpires together shall report the occurrence as soon as possible after the match to the
Executive of the batting side and to any Governing Body for the match who shall take
such action as is considered appropriate against the captain and player or players
concerned.
15. Bowler attempting to run out non-striker before delivery
The bowler is permitted, before entering his delivery stride, to attempt to run out the nonstriker.
Whether the attempt is successful or not, the ball shall not count as one of the over.
If the bowler fails in an attempt to run out the non-striker, the umpire shall call and signal
Dead ball as soon as possible.
16. Batsmen stealing a run
It is unfair for the batsmen to attempt to steal a run during the bowler’s run up. Unless the
bowler attempts to run out either batsman – see 15 above and Law 24.4 (Bowler throwing
towards striker’s end before delivery) – the umpire shall
(i) call and signal Dead ball as soon as the batsmen cross in such an attempt.
(ii) inform the other umpire of the reason for this action.
(iii) return the batsmen to their original ends.
(iv) award 5 penalty runs to the fielding side.
(v) inform the batsmen, the captain of the fielding side and, as soon as practicable, the
captain of the batting side, of the reason for this action.
(vi) together with the other umpire report the occurrence as soon as possible after the
match to the Executive of the batting side and to any Governing Body responsible for
the match, who shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the captain
and players concerned.
17. Penalty runs
(a) When penalty runs are awarded to either side, when the ball is dead the umpire shall
signal the penalty runs to the scorers. See Law 3.14 (Signals).
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions, of Law 21.6 (Winning hit or extras), penalty runs shall be
awarded in each case where the Laws require the award.
Note, however, that the restrictions on awarding penalty runs, in Laws 26.3 (Leg byes not
to be awarded), 34.4 (Runs scored from ball lawfully struck more than once) and Law
41.4 (Penalty runs not to be awarded), will apply.
(c) When 5 penalty runs are awarded to the batting side under any of Laws 2.6 (Player
returning without permission), 41.2 (Fielding the ball), or 41.3 (Protective helmets
belonging to the fielding side) or under 3, 4, 5, 9 or 13 above, then
(i) they shall be scored as penalty extras and shall be in addition to any other penalties.
(ii) they are awarded when the ball is dead and shall not be regarded as runs scored from
either the immediately preceding delivery or the immediately following delivery, and
shall be in addition to any runs from those deliveries.
(iii) the batsmen shall not change ends solely by reason of the 5 run penalty.
(d) When 5 penalty runs are awarded to the fielding side, under Law 18.5(b) (Deliberate short
runs), or under 10, 14 or 16 above, they shall be added as penalty extras to that side’s total
of runs in its most recently completed innings. If the fielding side has not completed an
innings, the 5 penalty runs shall be added to the score in its next innings.
p.61
18. Players’ conduct
If there is any breach of the Spirit of the Game
either in the case of an unfair action not covered by the Laws, under 2 above,
or by a player
either failing to comply with the instructions of an umpire
or criticising an umpire’s decisions by word or action
or showing dissent
or generally behaving in a manner which might bring the game into disrepute,
the umpire concerned shall immediately report the matter to the other umpire.
The umpires together shall
(i) inform the player’s captain of the occurrence, instructing the latter to take action.
(ii) warn him of the gravity of the offence, and tell him it will be reported to higher
authority.
(iii) report the occurrence as soon as possible after the match to the Executive of the
player’s team and to any Governing Body responsible for the match, who shall take
such action as is considered appropriate against the captain and player or players and,
if appropriate, team concerned.
Appendices A, B, and C are merely diagrams, unchanged from the present edition
APPENDIX D
DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS OF WORDS OR PHRASES NOT DEFINED IN
THE TEXT
The Toss is the toss for choice of innings.
Before the toss is at any time before the toss on the day the match is expected to start or, in the
case of a one-day match, on the day the match is due to take place.
Before the match is at any time before the toss, not restricted to the day on which the toss is to
take place.
During the match is at any time after the toss until the conclusion of the match, whether play is
in progress or not.
Conduct of the game includes any action relevant to the match at any time on any day of the
match.
Implements of the game are the bat, the ball, the stumps and bails.
The field of play is the area contained within the boundary edge.
The square is a specially prepared area of the field of play within which the match pitch is
situated.
The outfield is that part of the field of play between the square and the boundary edge.
Inside edge is the edge on the same side as the nearer wicket.
Behind in relation to stumps and creases is on the side further away from the stumps and creases
at the other end of the pitch. Conversely, ‘in front of’ is on the side nearer to the stumps and
creases at the other end of the pitch.
p.62
The place where the striker stands to receive a delivery from the bowler is the striker’s end only
insofar as it identifies, independently of where the striker may subsequently move, one half of the
field of play; the other half being the bowler’s end. The striker’s end is also referred to as the
wicket-keeper’s end, in situations where the position of a batsman in relation to the wicket at
that end is involved.
In front of the line of the striker’s wicket is in the area of the field of play in front of the
imaginary line joining the fronts of the stumps at the striker’s end; this line to be considered
extended in both directions to the boundary.
Behind the wicket is in the area of the field of play behind the imaginary line joining the backs
of the stumps at the appropriate end; this line to be considered extended in both directions to the
boundary.
Behind the wicket-keeper is behind the wicket at the striker’s end, as defined above, but in line
with both sets of stumps and further from the stumps than the wicket-keeper.
A batsman’s ground – at each end of the pitch, the whole area of the field of play behind the
popping crease is the ground at that end for a batsman.
Original end is the end where a batsman was when the ball came into play for that delivery.
Wicket he has left is the wicket at the end where a batsman was at the start of the run in
progress.
Off side/on side – see diagram below
Diagram here showing off side, on side in the field of play – unchanged from present edition
Over the wicket / round the wicket – If, as the bowler runs up between the wicket and the
return crease, the wicket is on the same side as his bowling arm, he is bowling over the wicket. If
the return crease is on the same side as his bowling arm, he is bowling round the wicket.
Umpire – where the description the umpire is used on its own, it always means ‘the bowler’s
end umpire’ though this full description is sometimes used for emphasis or clarity. Similarly the
umpires always means both umpires. An umpire and umpires are generalised terms.
Otherwise, a fuller description indicates which one of the umpires is specifically intended.
Umpires together agree applies to decisions which the umpires are to make jointly,
independently of the players.
Fielding side is the side currently fielding, whether or not play is in progress.
Member of the fielding side is one of the players nominated by the captain of the fielding side,
or any authorised replacement for such nominated player.
Fielder is one of the 11 or fewer players who together compose the fielding side. This definition
includes not only both the bowler and the wicket-keeper but also nominated players who are
legitimately on the field of play, together with players legitimately acting as substitutes for absent
nominated players. It excludes any nominated player who is absent from the field of play, or who
has been absent from the field of play and who has not yet obtained the umpire’s permission to
return.
A player going briefly outside the boundary in the course of discharging his duties as a fielder is
not absent from the field of play nor, for the purposes of Law 2.5 (Fielder absent or leaving the
field), is he to be regarded as having left the field of play.
p.63
Delivery swing is the motion of the bowler’s arm during which he normally releases the ball for a
delivery.
Delivery stride is the stride during which the delivery swing is made, whether the ball is released
or not. It starts when the bowler’s back foot lands for that stride and ends when the front foot
lands in the same stride. The stride after the delivery stride is completed when the next foot
lands, i.e. when the back foot of the delivery stride lands again.
The ball is struck/strikes the ball unless specifically defined otherwise, mean ‘the ball is struck
by the bat’/‘strikes the ball with the bat’.
Rebounds directly/strikes directly and similar phrases mean ‘without contact with any fielder’
but do not exclude contact with the ground.
Runs disallowed/not scored. A run to be disallowed is one that in Law should not have been
taken. It is not only to be cancelled but the batsmen are to be returned to their original ends. A
run not to be scored is not illegal, but one which in Law is not recognised as a proper run. It is
to be regarded as not existing, so that the question of cancellation does not arise. It incurs no
penalty other than the loss of the run.
External protective equipment is any visible item of apparel worn for protection against
external blows.
For a batsman, items permitted are a protective helmet, external leg guards (batting pads), batting
gloves and, if visible, forearm guards.
For a fielder, only a protective helmet is permitted, except in the case of a wicket-keeper, for
whom wicket-keeping pads and gloves are also permitted.
A protective helmet is headwear made of hard material and designed to protect the head or the
face or both.
Clothing – anything that a player is wearing, including such items as spectacles or jewellery, that
is not classed as external protective equipment is classed as clothing, even though he may be
wearing some items of apparel, which are not visible, for protection. A bat being carried by a
batsman does not come within this definition of clothing.
The bat – the following are to be considered as part of the bat.
– the whole of the bat itself.
– the whole of a glove (or gloves) worn on the hand (or hands) holding the bat.
– the hand (or hands) holding the bat, if the batsman is not wearing a glove on that hand
or on those hands.
Hand for batsman or wicket-keeper shall include both the hand itself and the whole of a glove
worn on the hand.
Held in batsman’s hand. Contact between a batsman’s hand, or glove worn on his hand, and
any part of the bat shall constitute the bat being held in that hand.
Equipment – a batsman’s equipment is his bat as defined above, together with any external
protective equipment he is wearing.
A fielder’s equipment is any external protective equipment that he is wearing.
Person – a player’s person is his physical person (flesh and blood) together with any clothing or
legitimate external protective equipment that he is wearing except, in the case of a batsman, his
bat.
A hand, whether gloved or not, that is not holding the bat is part of the batsman’s person.
No item of clothing or equipment is part of the player’s person unless it is attached to him.
p.64
For a batsman, a glove being held but not worn is part of his person.
For a fielder, an item of clothing or equipment he is holding in his hand or hands is not part of his
person.
APPENDIX E – THE BAT: LAW 6
All Law references are to sections of Law 6
Categories of bat – Types A, B and C are bats conforming to Law 6, sections1 to 8 inclusive.
Bats which do not qualify for any of the three categories are not recognised in the Laws. Type A
bats may be used at any level. Bats of Type B or Type C and any other bats may be used only at
or below levels determined by the Governing Body for cricket in the country concerned.
The blade – The face of the blade is its main striking surface. The back is the opposite surface.
The shoulders, sides and toe are the remaining surfaces, separating the face and the back. The
shoulders, one on each side of the handle, are along that portion of the blade between the first
entry point of the handle and the point at which the blade first reaches its full width.
The toe is the surface opposite to the shoulders taken as a pair.
The sides, one each side of the blade, are along the rest of the blade, between the toe and the
shoulders.
Adhesives – Throughout, adhesives are permitted only where essential and only in minimal
quantity.
Materials in handle – As a proportion of the total volume of the handle, materials other than
cane, wood or twine are restricted to one-tenth for Types A and B and one-fifth for Type C. Such
materials must not project more than 3.25 in/8.26 cm into the lower portion of the handle.
Binding and covering of handle – The permitted continuation beyond the junction of the upper
and lower portions of the handle is restricted to a maximum, measured along the length of the
handle, of
2.5 in/6.35 cm for the twine binding
2.75 in/6.99 cm for the covering grip.
Length and width
(a) The overall length of the bat, when the lower portion of the handle is inserted, shall not be
more than 38 in/96.5 cm.
(b) The width of the bat shall not exceed 4.25 in/10.8 cm at its widest part.
(c) Permitted coverings, repair material and toe guards, not exceeding their specified thicknesses,
may be additional to the dimensions above.
Length of handle – Except for bats of size 6 and less, the handle shall not exceed 52% of the
overall length of the bat.
Covering of blade – The cloth covering permitted for Type C bats shall be of thickness not
exceeding 0.012 in/0.3 mm before treatment as in 6.6(d).
Protection and repair of blade – The material permitted in 6.6(a) shall not exceed
0.04 in/1 mm in thickness. In 6.6(a)(ii), the repair material shall not extend along the length of
the blade more than 0.79 in/2 cm in each direction beyond the limits of the damaged area. Where
used as a continuous binding, any overlapping shall not breach the maximum of 0.04 in/1 mm in
total thickness.
In 6.6(d), the use of non-solid material which when dry forms a hard layer more than
0.004 in/0.1 mm in thickness is not permitted.
p.65
Toe and side inserts – The wood used must not be more than 0.3 in/0.89 cm in thickness.
The toe insert shall not extend from the toe more than 2.5 in/6.35 cm up the blade at any point.
Neither side insert may extend from the edge more than 1 in/2.54cm across the blade at any point.
Toe protection – The maximum permitted thickness of protective material placed on the toe of
the blade is 0.12 in/3 mm.
Commercial identifications – These identifications may not exceed 0.008 in/0.2 mm in
thickness. On the back of the blade they must occupy no more than 50% of the surface. On the
face of the blade, they must be confined within the top 9 in/22.86 cm, measured from the bottom
of the grip.

 

:::© Copyright BBCC 2002-14, All rights reserved:

::Hosted & designed by Ciren.NET